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The world's first chess club was organized in Italy in 1550. The first chess club in England was Slaughter's Coffee House, founded in London, England in 1715.  The oldest chess club in Europe is the Zurich Chess Club, founded in 1809.  The first chess club with permanent quarters opened in Manhattan in 1801.  The oldest chess club in the U.S. is the Mechanics Institute, organized in 1854 in San Francisco.  It was destroyed by earthquake and fire in 1906 and rebuilt in 1909.  The Manhattan Chess Club in New York was founded in 1878 and is the oldest chess club in continuous existence.  Russia's first chess club was organized by Tchigorin in 1880.   The largest chess club in the U.S. is the Labate Chess Centre in Anaheim, California with about 400 members.  In 1911, the first team match between the chess clubs of Moscow and Saint Petersburg took place.  The oldest chess club in Sweden is the Schacksallskap in Stockholm.  It was founded in 1866.

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