Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (1908-1983) was a Czech/Soviet Grandmaster (1950). He and his brother were orphaned in World War I after his parents were killed in a massacre. He won the championship of Czechoslovakia in 1933 and 1936. He was taken as a child refugee to Bohemia. He won the Hungarian championship 9 times and played in 11 Olympiads for Hungary. He married a ballerina in 1935. In the 1930s, Flohr's name was used in Czechoslovakia to sell cigarettes, slippers, and cologne. In 1937 Salo Flohr was nominated by FIDE to be the official candidate to play Alekhine for the World Championship. Arrangements were started for a match with Alekhine, but the plans were dropped when Flour’s adopted homeland of Czechoslovakia was annexed by Germany in 1938. Flohr became a refugee for a second time and went to Russia. In 1942, he became a naturalized Soviet citizen. In 19632, he was awarded the title of International Arbiter.