A $100,000 prize created in 1980 by computer science professor Edward Fred kin, for the first computer to beat a reigning world chess champion. The prize was awarded to the inventors of the Deep Blue machine in 1997. Deep Blue beat world champion Gary Kasparov in the final game of a tied, 6-game match in May, 1997. The Deep Blue inventors were Fang Hsu, Murray Campbell, and Joseph Hone. In 1983 he gave a $5,000 prize to the programmers of the first chess program to attain a Master’s rating (Belle). In 1988 he gave a $10,000 prize to the programmers of the first program that achieved Grandmaster status (Deep Thought).