Thomas Frere (1820-1900) was one of the foremost promoters of chess in the USA in the 19th century. He helped organize the 1st American Chess Congress in New York. He was a player in the minor tournament of that congress. He organized the first Brooklyn chess club. He was one of the organizers of the Manhattan Chess Club. He organized the Fifth American Chess Congress in 1880 and the Sixth American Chess Congress in 1886. He worked as a clerk at the Equitable Life Assurance Society of New York. In 1858, he wrote Frere's Chess Hand-Book.