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Nona Terentievna Gaprindashvili, born May 3, 1941, was the first woman to achieve the men's International Grandmaster title, in 1978. She became the first woman to win a "men's" chess tournament when she tied for first place at Lone Pine in 1977. She did not take up competitive chess until she was 18. She has had a perfume named after her in Russia. A Tbilisi perfume factory sold the perfume in a bottle shaped like a chess Queen. She maintained her maiden name after marrying her husband Chichikadze. She was the Women’s World Chess Champion for 16 years, from 1962 to 1978. In 1962 she won the title by defeating Elizaveta Bykova with a score of 9-2. In 1978 she lost to Maya Chiburdanidze, who as 17. She is the mother of Grandmaster Valerina Gaprindashvili, born Jan 16, 1982.