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First known chess opening, according to the Gottingen manuscript (1490). The opening is 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5, and was given its name by Lolli. The opening name is derived from Italian, meaning quiet game, in contrast to gambit openings. Salvio used the term Giuoco Piano for all games that were not gambits. Even though it is an old opening ,it is one of the worlds well known opening and commonly used opening.