Gisela Gresser (1906-2000) was the winner of the U.S. Women's Championship 9 times (1944, 1948, 1955, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967, and 1969). She won the 1969 U.S. Women's Championship at the age of 63. Second place went to 55 year-old Mona Karff (6 times former Champion). She was the first woman in the U.S. to achieve a master's rating. She learned how to play chess after she borrowed a chess book while on a cruise from France to New York in 1937. She became interested in chess tournaments as a spectator at the 1938 U.S. Women’s Championship at the Rockefeller Center in New York. She played in her first U.S. Women’s Championship in 1940. She was born Gisela Kahn. She was awarded the International Woman Master title in 1950.