Gunsberg, Isidor Arthur
In 1890-1891, Isidor Arthur Gunsberg (1854-1930) played Steinitz for the world’s championship and lost after 4 wins, 9 draws, and 6 losses. Gunsberg began his chess career as the player inside the chess automaton Mephisto. He started playing chess at the Café de la Regence at the age of 12. He took 3rd place at the 6th American Chess Congress. In 1916, he sued the Evening News (Alfred William Foster) for libel when they said that his chess column in the London Daily Telegraph contained blunders and unsound chess problems. He won the suit (and 250 pounds in damages) after the British High Court accepted a submission that in chess matters, eight oversights did not make a blunder.