Kenneth Harkness (1896-1972) was the first business manager of the U.S. Chess Federation. He was a radio engineer. He helped standardize chess rules, the Swiss system, and the rating system. From 1952 to 1960, he was the business manager of the US Chess Federation. In 1972, he became an Intenational Arbiter. He was inducted in the U.S. Chess Hall of Fame in 1997. He was born in Scotland. He died of a heart attack on a train in Yugoslavia, on his way to a FIDE meeting in Skopje, Yugoslavia. He was 74.