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Judd, Max (Maximilian Judkiewich)

Max Judd (Maximlian Judkiewich) was born in Cracow on December 27, 1851 and emigrated to America  in 1862.  He was an American cloak manufacturer, consul-general in Vienna, and chess master.  In 1881, he lost a chess match with George Mackenzie for the US chess championship (+5-7=3), held in St. Louis.  In 1887 Judd defeated Albert Hodges (+5-2=2) in a non-title match, held in St, Louis.  In 1888, Judd took last place in the 1st Unites States Chess Association tournament, held in Cincinnati (won by Jackson Showalter).  In 1890, Judd defeated US chess champion Showalter in a match in St. Louis (+7-3=0), but did not claim the title.  In 1892, Judd lost to Showalter in a match in St, Louis (+4-7=3).  In 1899, he lost a match against Harry Pillsbury in St. Louis (+1-4=0).  In 1903 he won the Western Chess Congress (US Open) in Chicago.   At one time he was offered to play in Ajeeb, the Automaton in New York, but he did not want to leave St. Louis.  The job was then offered to Albert Hodges.  He had the habit of sucking on a lemon when it was his opponent’s move.  He was founder and president of the St. Louis Chess Club.  He was appointed by President Cleveland as the U.S. Consul General to Austria.  He played in six American Chess Congress tournaments.  He took 4th place in the 2nd American Chess Congress in Cleveland in 1871.  He took 3rd place in the 3rd American Chess Congress in Chicago in 1874.  He took 2nd place in the 4th American Chess Congress in Philadelphia in 1876.  He took 5th place in the 5th American Chess Congress in New York in 1880.  He took 8th place in the 6th American Chess Congress in New York in 1889.  He took 2nd place in the 7th American Chess Congress in St, Louis in 1904.  In 1904, Judd tried to arrange the Seventh American Chess Congress in St. Louis, with the stipulation that the US title be awarded to the winner.  Pillsbury objected to Judd’s plans, so the stipulation was not accepted.  Frank Marsahll won the 7th American Congress in St. Louis in 1904.  He died on May 7, 1906.

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