Gata Kamsky, born June 2, 1974, is a Grandmaster (1990) who was born in Siberia, Gata Kamsky won the USSR Junior Championship (under 18) at the age of 12. Gata and father Rustam defected from the Soviet Union after playing in the 1989 New York International. He became a grandmaster at 16. He won the U.S. Championship in 1991 at age 17. He was one of the top 6 players in the world in the 1990s. In 1996 he was a finalist in the FIDE world chess championship after defeating Anand, Salov, Short, and Kramnik. In 1997 he lost to Karpov for the FIDE world chess championship. He entered medical school but quit and entered law school. He is awaiting his bar tests and has resumed playing chess after a layoff of 8 years when he was one of the top 10 in the world (2717 FIDE rating). In the 2005 US Chess Championship in San Diego, Kamsky was rated the highest at 2777, but ended in 9th-17th place. He won 2 games , lost none, and drew 7 games. His highest USCF rating was 2762. In 2005, he won the 127th New York State Chess Championship. In 2006, he won the World Open on tie-breaks. In 2007, he defeated Etienne Bacrot in the Candidates' match, but lost to Boris Gelfand.