Alla Shulimovna Kushnir, born on Aug 11, 1941, was one of the top women’s chess players in the 1960s and 1970s. At one time she was the second-best woman in the world (behind Gprindashvili). She left the Soviet Union and settle in Israel in 1973. She was awarded the Women’s Grandmaster title in 1976. She was Women’s World Championship Challenger in 1965, 1969, and 1972. She was USSR Women’s Champion in 1970. In 1973, she moved to Israel.