Edward Lasker was born in Kempen, Germany (now Poland) in 1885. He became an International Master at the age of 75. FIDE awarded him the official IM title in 1961. He was an International Master in 1913, a title given to him by the German Chess Federation. Edward Lasker won the championship of Paris in 1912 (defeating Frederic Lazard in a 4-game match), the London championship in 1914, the New York City championship in 1915, and the championship of Chicago in 1916. He won the U.S. Open five times (1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1921). In 1923 he played a match (and lost by one point) with Frank Marshall for the U.S. Championship. During that match, one of the spectators had a heart attack and died. In the 1940s he founded and became president of the Association of American Chess Masters (AACM). His mother and brother died in Nazi Germany. Edward Lasker had degrees (but no Ph.D.) in mechanical and electrical engineering. He invented and patented a breast pump to secure mother's milk. He was a safety engineer for Sears Roebuck. On September 11, 1976, at the age of 90, he played in a telex match between New York and London. He was a seventh cousin to Emanuel Lasker (some sources say they were not related). He learned chess at the age of six from his father. He was a Go player and founded the American Go Association in 1915. He died at the age of 95.