Vera Menchik-Stevenson (1906-1944) was the World Woman Chess Champion from 1927 to 1944. Vera Menchik defended her title six times, scoring 78 wins, 4 draws, and only 1 loss. In 1927 she won the first Women's World Chess Championship with 10 1/2 out of 11. She played in her first world championship as a Russian, the next five as a Czech, and the last one as a Briton. She died in Kent in June 1944 after a German V-1 rocket hit her home (the bomb shelter in the garden remained intact), killing her mother and her sister, Mrs. Olga Menchik Rubery (world challenger in 1935 and 1937). Vera's husband, R.H.S. Stevenson, was the secretary of the British Chess Federation who died in 1943. At the time of her death, Vera was serving on the editorial staff of Chess as games editor. When she died, there was not another world’s women champion until 1950.