Herman Pilnik (1914-1981) was an Argentine Grandmaster (1952). He was born in Germany. He won the Argentinian championship in 1942, 1945, and 1958. In 1950 he played one of the longest chess games on record. He played a 191-move draw against Czerniak in Mar del Plata, Argentina. In 1973 he few to Philadelphia from Argentina for an international chess tournament. While driving to the playing site, the car was struck and overturned with part of it hanging over the edge of a steep embankment. Two other occupants of the car were hospitalized with broken bones, but Pilnik made it to the tournament, won his first round game (against Soltis) and tied for 1st place in the tournament. He later moved to Venezuela and taught chess at the Caracas Military Academy.