Ranken, Charles Edward
Charles Edward Ranken (1828-1905) was born in Brislington, near Bristol, on January 5, 1828. He learned chess as a schoolboy and became a strong player while attending Wadham College, Oxford. He graduated from Oxford in 1850. He took 2nd place at the 1851 London Provincial Tournament, losing to Samuel Boden. In 1867, he became Vicar at Sandford-on-Thames near Oxford. In April, 1869, he founded the Oxford University Chess Club with Lord Randolph Churchill (Winston Churchill’s father), and became its first president. In 1869, he tied for 2nd-3rd at the 5th British Counties Chess Association Congress in York, England. The event was won by reverend Arthur Skipworth. The Counties Chess Association was organized for amateur players outside London. In 1871, he moved to Malvern, England and stayed there the rest of his life. In 1872, he won the 8th British Counties Chess Association Congress in Malvern. Ranken participated in several correspondence matches and took 1st place in the British Chess Association’s 1872 competition. From 1877 to September 1880, Ranken was the editor of the Chess Player’s Chronicle. In 1878, he took 2nd at the 14th British Counties Chess Association Congress in London. The event was won by Edmund Thorold. In 1881, he won the 16th British Counties Chess Association Congress in Leamington, England. In 1883, he took 5th-6th place at the Vizayanagaram tournament in London. The event was won by Von Bardeleben. In 1889, he published, in collaboration with E. Freeborough, Chess Openings Ancient and Modern. This was the predecessor of Modern Chess Openings.