Samuel Rosenthal (1837-1902) was a Polish player and law student who moved from Warsaw to Paris, France in 1864 after the Polish revolution to become a professional player and writer. In 1880, he played Zukertort in a match, but lost with 1 win, 7 losses, and 11 draws. From 1885 to 1902, he edited Monde Illustre. He founded the Cercle des Echecs, at which he gave blindfold chess exhibitions. In 1898, he sued one of his chess students, Prince Balaschoff, when his chess teaching contract was terminated. The First Chamber of the Civil Tribunal at Paris awarded Rosenthal 15,000 francs. The Prince had been paying Rosenthal 500 francs a month, and 1,000 francs when Rosenthal accompanied the Prince in travel.