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Willaim Schlumberger (1800-1837) was the strongest player in America from 1826 to 1837. He supported himself by giving chess lessons at the Cafe de la Regence in Paris, earning 4 francs a day. He taught chess to Pierre Saint Amant. When Johann Maelzel brought his automaton, the Turk, to the U.S, he could find no strong player for it. He wrote to the Cafe de la Regence asking for a chess expert and Schlumberger accepted. He was he last operator of the Turk. He died of yellow fever while sailing to Cuba with Maelzel and the Turk. Maelzel died on the trip back from Cuba.