The Scotch Game is characterized as an aggressive thrust into the middle causing central tension to release and allowing open game play.
The opening begins thusly:
- e4 e5
- Nf3 Nc6
From this position, play can go many places. Three popular choices are the Scotch Gambit, the Goring Gambit, and the Schmidt Variation.
Mathematical analysis of the opening has a near even split between wins, losses, and draws. The opening reached the height of its popularity in the 1870s but tapered off sharply after defeats in the 1880s and 1890s.
- The Scotch Game (http://www.eudesign.com/chessops/scot-app.htm)
- Scotch Game (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotch_Game)
- Scotch Game (http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessopening?eco=c45)