Showalter, Jackson Whipps
In 1890, Jackson Whipps Showalter (1860-1935) won the United States Chess Association’s 3rd Annual Congress Championship tournament in St. Louis. Shortly after this tournament in 1890, he lost a match to Max Judd by a score of 7-3. In 1892 he defeated Judd by the score of 7-4. In 1894 he defeated Albert Hodges by the score of 8-6. Later in 1894 Showalter lost to Hodges in a return match with a score of 5-3. In 1895 Showalter defeated Simon Lipschuetz, Emil Kemeny, John Barry, and Adolf Albin in matches. In 1897 Showalter lost to Harry Pillsbury by the score of 9.5-11.5. In 1898, Showalter lost a return match with Pillsbury by the score of 4-8. In 1909 Showalter lost to Frank Marshall by a score of 3.5-18.5. He was an accomplished baseball pitcher and is considered the inventor of the curve ball. His nickname was the Kentucky Lion.