Philip Stamma (1705-1770?) was a chess player and author from Aleppo (Haleb), Syria. He was an interpreter of Oriental languages to the British government. In 1737 he published Essai sur le Jeu d-Echecs. The book was a collection of 100 endgames. It was the first chess book to use algebraic notation (a=QR, b=QN, c=QB, etc). In 1745 he published The Noble Game of Chess. It was a collection of 100 endgames with 74 openings added to it. In London, he was one of the strongest chess players at Slaughter’s Coffeehouse. In 1747 he lost to Philidor in a match played at Slaughters.