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Torre-Repetto, Carlos

Carlos Torre Repetto (1905-1978) was Mexico's first grandmaster (1977).  He was born in Merida, Yucatan. 

Torre won the Louisiana championship at New Orleans 1923. He was first at Detroit 1924, followed by Samuel Factor, Herman H. Hahlbohm, Norman Whitaker, Samuel Reshevsky, etc., and at Rochester 1924 (with Jennings). In 1924, Torre took third place in New York (Abraham Kupchik won). In 1925, he took tenth place in Baden-Baden (Alexander Alekhine won). In 1925, he tied for third/fourth place with Frank Marshall, behind Aron Nimzowitsch and Akiba Rubinstein, in Marienbad. In 1925, he tied for fifth/sixth place with Savielly Tartakower in Moscow (Efim Bogoljubow won). In 1925, he tied for second/third place in Leningrad (Quadrangular; Solomon Borisovich Gotthilf won). In 1926, he tied for second/third place with Géza Maróczy, behind Marshall, in Chicago. In 1926, he won, ahead of Jose Joaquin Araiza, in Mexico City. He played against three world champions and had a plus score.  He defeated Lasker, and drew with Capablanca and Alekhine. 

One of the most famous games of Torre is his game against Lasker, where he defeated the former world champion with the Windmill combination. In addition, it is the first game recorded with this kind of combination.

 

 

The chess opening Torre Attack is named after him. It is characterized by the moves: 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bg5. Torre also introduced the Mexican Defence to chess theory in a match against Fritz Sämisch in 1925 in Baden-Baden, Germany. It runs: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 Nc6.

He quit serious chess in 1926, at the age of 22, after playing only two years professionally.  Torre's career was cut short by mental illness.  He was once found running down Fifth Avenue in New York completely nude.  He had suffered a nervous breakdown from the stress of chess and the social gathering invitations.  While competing in Chicago in 1926, he received two letters from Mexico.  The first letter reneged on a teaching offer at the University of Mexico because Torre did not have any academic credentials.  The second letter was from his French-American fiancée who decided to marry another man.  He never married.  He was addicted to pineapple sundaes and consumed about 15 a day, according to Reuben Fine.  


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