Simon Winawer (1838-1920) was a Polish master from Warsaw. He finished 2nd at Paris 1867, behind Kolisch. He took 1st at Paris 1878, Vienna 1882, and Nuremberg 1883. He was German champion in 1883. The variation 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 is the Winawer variation in the French Defense.