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शतरंज - खेलें और जानें

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शतरंज कैसे खेलें: नियम और मूल बातें

It's never too late to learn how to play chess - the most popular game in the world! Learning the rules of chess is easy:

Step 1. How to Setup the Chessboard

गेम की शुरुआत में बोर्ड इस प्रकार से लगाया जाता है कि प्रत्येक खिलाड़ी के सबसे दाहिने और नीचे वाला खाना सफ़ेद (या हलके) रंग का होता है. फिर दोनों तरफ एक ही क्रमानुसार मोहरे सजाए जाते हैं. दूसरी पंक्ति (रैंक) में प्यादे लगाए जाते है. हाथी कोनों पर रहते हैं जिनके बाद घोड़े, फिर ऊँट, और फिर रानी होती है जो हमेशा अपने रंग वाले खाने में रहती है ( सफ़ेद रानी सफ़ेद खाने में, काली रानी काले खाने में), और बचे हुए खाने में राजा रहता है.

How to Setup the Chessboard

Step 2. How the Chess Pieces Move

Each of the 6 different kinds of pieces moves differently. Pieces cannot move through other pieces (though the knight can jump over other pieces), and can never move onto a square with one of their own pieces. However, they can be moved to take the place of an opponent's piece which is then captured. Pieces are generally moved into positions where they can capture other pieces (by landing on their square and then replacing them), defend their own pieces in case of capture, or control important squares in the game.

How to Move the King in Chess

The king is the most important piece, but is one of the weakest. The king can only move one square in any direction - up, down, to the sides, and diagonally. The king may never move himself into check (where he could be captured). When the king is attacked by another piece this is called "check".

How to Move the Chess King

How to Move the Queen in Chess

The queen is the most powerful piece. She can move in any one straight direction - forward, backward, sideways, or diagonally - as far as possible as long as she does not move through any of her own pieces. And, like with all pieces, if the queen captures an opponent's piece her move is over. Notice how the white queen captures the black queen and then the black king is forced to move.

How to Move the Chess Queen

How to Move the Rook in Chess

हाथी जितनी दूर तक चाहे चल सकता है, लेकिन केवल आगे, पीछे, और दाएँ, बाएँ l हाथी विशेष रूप से शक्तिशाली मोहरे होते हैं जब वे एक दूसरे की रक्षा कर रहे हों और एक साथ काम कर रहे हों l

How to Move the Chess Rook

How to Move the Bishop in Chess

The bishop may move as far as it wants, but only diagonally. Each bishop starts on one color (light or dark) and must always stay on that color. Bishops work well together because they cover up each other's weaknesses.

How to Move the Chess Bishop

How to Move the Knight in Chess

घोड़ा बाक़ी के मोहरों से बहुत अलग तरीके से चलता है -दो खाने एक दिशा में सीधा चलने के बाद एक खाना 90 डिग्री के कोण पर, बिलकुल 'L' के आकार की तरह ।घोड़ा ही केवल ऐसा मोहरा है जो दूसरे मोहरों के ऊपर से चल सकता है ।

How to Move the Chess Knight

How to Move the Pawn in Chess

प्यादे असामन्य होते हैं क्योंकि उनकी चाल और मारने का तरीका अलग होता है: वो सीधा चलते हैं, पर तिरछा मारते हैं। प्यादा एक बार में सिर्फ एक खाना आगे बढ़ सकता है, सिवाय उनकी पहली चाल के जहाँ वे दो खाने आगे चल सकते हैं। प्यादे सिर्फ उनके सामने के एक तिरछे खाने पर ही मार कर सकते हैं।वो ना तो पीछे चल सकते हैं और पीछे मार सकते हैं। अगर प्यादे के ठीक सामने कोई मोहरा हो तो ना तो वो आगे बढ़ सकता है और ना ही उस मोहरे को मार सकता है।

How to Move the Chess Pawn

Step 3. Discover the Special Rules of Chess

There are a few special rules in chess that may not seem logical at first. They were created to make the game more fun and interesting.

How to Promote a Pawn in Chess

Pawns have another special ability and that is that if a pawn reaches the other side of the board it can become any other chess piece (called promotion). A pawn may be promoted to any piece. A common misconception is that pawns may only be exchanged for a piece that has been captured. That is NOT true. A pawn is usually promoted to a queen. Only pawns may be promoted.

How to Promote a Pawn

How to do "en passant" in Chess

The last rule about pawns is called “en passant,” which is French for “in passing”. If a pawn moves out two squares on its first move, and by doing so lands to the side of an opponent's pawn (effectively jumping past the other pawn's ability to capture it), that other pawn has the option of capturing the first pawn as it passes by. This special move must be done immediately after the first pawn has moved past, otherwise the option to capture it is no longer available. Click through the example below to better understand this odd, but important rule.

How to En Passant

How to Castle in Chess

One other special chess rule is called castling. This move allows you to do two important things all in one move: get your king to safety (hopefully), and get your rook out of the corner and into the game. On a player's turn he may move his king two squares over to one side and then move the rook from that side's corner to right next to the king on the opposite side. (See the example below.) However, in order to castle, the following conditions must be met:

  • it must be that king's very first move
  • it must be that rook's very first move
  • चाल चलने के लिए राजा और हाथी के बीच में कोई मोहरा नहीं होना चाहिए
  • राजा शह में नहीं हो सकता या शह से होकर नहीं गुजर सकता

Notice that when you castle one direction the king is closer to the side of the board. That is called castling "kingside". Castling to the other side, through where the queen sat, is called castling "queenside". Regardless of which side, the king always moves only two squares when castling.

How to Castle in Chess

Step 4. Find out Who Makes the First Move in Chess

The player with the white pieces always moves first. Therefore, players generally decide who will get to be white by chance or luck such as flipping a coin or having one player guess the color of the hidden pawn in the other player's hand. White then makes a move, followed by black, then white again, then black and so on until the end of the game. Being able to move first is a tiny advantage which gives the white player an opportunity to attack right away.

Step 5. Review the Rules of How to Win a Game of Chess

There are two ways to end a game of chess: by checkmate, or with a draw.

How to Checkmate in Chess

The purpose of the game is to checkmate the opponent's king. This happens when the king is put into check and cannot get out of check. There are only three ways a king can get out of check: move out of the way (though he cannot castle!), block the check with another piece, or capture the piece threatening the king. If a king cannot escape checkmate then the game is over. Customarily the king is not captured or removed from the board, the game is simply declared over.

How to Checkmate in Chess

How to Draw a Chess Game

कभी-कभी शतरंज का खेल एक विजेता के साथ नहीं बल्किएक ड्रॉ के साथ समाप्त होता है। 5 कारणों से एक गेम ड्रा हो सकता है:

  • The position reaches a stalemate where it is one player's turn to move, but his king is NOT in check and yet he does not have another legal move
  • खिलाड़ी चाहें तो ड्रा पर सहमत हो कर खेल बंद कर सकते हैं
  • शह और मात करने के लिए बोर्ड पर पर्याप्त मोहरे नहीं हैं (उदाहरण: एक राजा और एक ऊंट बनाम एक राजा)
  • एक खिलाडी ड्रा की घोषणा कर देता है अगर बिलकुल एक ही स्थिति तीन बार प्रकट हो जाती है ( हालाँकि जरूरी नहीं की लगातार तीन बार)
  • पचास लगातार चालें चली जा चुकी हैं जिसमे ना तो कोई प्यादा चला है ना ही कोई मोहरे मारा गया है

Step 6. Study Basic Chess Strategies

चार साधारण बातें हैं जो हर शतरंज खिलाड़ी को पता होनी चाहिए:

Protect your King

Get your king to the corner of the board where he is usually safer. Don't put off castling. You should usually castle as quickly as possible. Remember, it doesn't matter how close you are to checkmating your opponent if your own king is checkmated first!

Don't Give Pieces Away

Don't carelessly lose your pieces! Each piece is valuable and you can't win a game without pieces to checkmate. There is an easy system that most players use to keep track of the relative value of each chess piece. How much are the chess pieces worth?

  • प्यादा 1 अंक के बराबर होता है
  • एक घोडा 3 अंकों के बराबर होता है
  • एक ऊँट 3 अंकों के बराबर है
  • एक हाथी 5 अंकों के बराबर होता है
  • एक रानी 9 अंकों के बराबर है
  • राजा असीम रूप से मूल्यवान होता है

At the end of the game these points don't mean anything – it is simply a system you can use to make decisions while playing, helping you know when to capture, exchange, or make other moves.

Study Basic Chess Strategies

Control the Center of the Chessboard

आपको अपने मोहरों और प्यादों के द्वारा बोर्ड के केंद्र को अपने नियंत्रण में रखने का प्रयास करना चाहिए। अगर आप केंद्र को अपने नियंत्रण में रखते हैं तो आपको अपने मोहरों को चलने के लिए ज्यादा जगह मिलेगा और आपके प्रतिद्वंदी को अपने मोहरों के लिए अच्छे खाने ढूंढने में कठनाई होगी। ऊपर दिए गए उदाहरण में केंद्र पर आधिपत्य जमाने के लिए सफ़ेद अच्छी चालें चलता है जबकि काला खराब।

Use All of your Chess Pieces

In the example above white got all of his pieces in the game! Your pieces don't do any good when they are sitting back on the first row. Try and develop all of your pieces so that you have more to use when you attack the king. Using one or two pieces to attack will not work against any decent opponent.

Step 7. Practice by Playing Lots of Games

The most important thing you can do to get better at chess is to play lots of chess! It doesn't matter if you play at home with friends or family, or play online, you have to play the game a lot to improve. These days it's easy to find a game of chess online! Click here for where to play chess.

How to Play Chess Variants

While most people play standard chess rules, some people like to play chess with changes to the rules. These are called "chess variants". Each variant has its own rules.

How to Play Chess960

Chess960 सामान्य शतरंज के सारे नियमों का पालन करता है, सिवाय आखिरी पंक्ति में मौजूद मोहरों की आरंभिक स्थिति के, जो कि 960 संभावित स्थितियों में किसी एक याद्छिक स्थिति में सजाए जाते हैं. किलेबंदी बिलकुल सामान्य शतरंज की तरह ही होता है, जिसमे राजा और हाथी अपने सामान्य किलेबंद खानों पर विराजित होते हैं (g1 और f1, या c1 और d1). 960 बिलकुल सामान्य शतरंज की तरह खेला जाता है लेकिन इसमें ओपनिंग में कहीं ज्यादा विविधता होती है.

How to Play with Chess Tournament Rules

Many tournaments follow a set of common, similar rules. These rules do not necessarily apply to play at home or online, but you may want to practice with them anyway.

  • Touch-move - If a player touches one of their own pieces they must move that piece as long as it is a legal move. If a player touches an opponent's piece, they must capture that piece. A player who wishes to touch a piece only to adjust it on the board must first announce the intention, usually by saying “adjust”.
  • Clocks and Timers - Most tournaments use timers to regulate the time spent on each game, not on each move. Each player gets the same amount of time to use for their entire game and can decide how to spend that time. Once a player makes a move they then touch a button or hit a lever to start the opponent's clock. If a player runs out of time and the opponent calls the time, then the player who ran out of time loses the game (unless the opponent does not have enough pieces to checkmate, in which case it is a draw).

Frequently Asked Chess Questions (FAQs)

How do I get better at chess?

नियम और बुनियादी रणनीतियों को जानना तो केवल शुरुआत है-यहाँ शतरंज में इतना कुछ सीखने के लिए है की यह सब कुछ आप एक जीवनकाल में नहीं सीख सकते हैं! अपना खेल बेहतर करने के लिए आपको तीन चीजें करने की ज़रुरत है:

  1. Play lots of chess — Just keep playing! Play as much as possible. You should learn from each game – those you win and those you lose.
  2. Study with chess lessons — If you really want to improve quickly then you should do some online chess lessons. You can find online chess lessons here.
  3. Have fun — Don't get discouraged if you don't win all of your games right away. Everyone loses – even world champions. As long as you continue to have fun and learn from the games you lose then you can enjoy chess forever!

What is the best first move in chess?

While there is no one agreed-upon best move in chess, it's important to try to control the center right away. This usually results in most players playing one of their central pawns (in front of king or queen) forward two squares with either 1. d4 or 1. e4. Some other players prefer 1. c4 or 1. Nf3. Most other moves are not as good. Bobby Fischer believed that moving the king-pawn 1. e4 was best.

Which color starts in chess?

The player with the white pieces always moves first.

Can a pawn move backwards?

Pawns cannot move backwards. However, when a pawn gets to the other side of the board you must promote it to another piece (such as a queen). Then it moves just like that piece, and can move backwards.

Can you move more than one piece at a time in chess?

You can only move one chess piece at a time when it is your turn to move - with one exception! When you castle, you move both the king and the rook in one move.

Which is the most important chess piece?

The king is the most important chess piece. If you lose the king, you lose the game. But the queen is the most powerful chess piece.

When was chess invented?

शतरंज की उत्पत्ति स्पष्ट नहीं है, हालांकि अधिकांश का मानना ​​है कि यह लगभग दो हजार साल पहले भारत में खेले जाने वाले शतरंज जैसे खेल से यह विकसित हुआ है। जिस शतरंज के मौजूदा रूप को आज हम जानते हैं वह 15वीं सदी से आस्तित्व में है और जो यूरोप में लोकप्रिय हुआ.

What is the goal of chess?

शतरंज एक गेम है जो 64 खानों वाले एक बोर्ड, जिसमे हर अगल-बगल के खाने दो अलग रंगों के होते है, पर आमने-सामने विराजित दो प्रतिद्वंद्वियों के बीच खेला जाता है. हर ख़िलाड़ी के पास 16 मोहरे होते हैं: 1 राजा, 2 हाथी, 2 ऊंट, 2 घोड़े, और 8 प्यादे. गेम का लक्ष्य प्रतिद्वंद्वी राजा को शह-मात करना होता है. शह-मात तब होता है जब राजा घेर लिया जाता है (शह में) और वह भाग नहीं सकता.

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