# Bishop versus Knight (Part 1)

Learn to evaluate knights against bishops in every ending!

How can you tell if knights or bishops are better in any position? It is generally known that the bishop is stronger than the knight in most cases. Some experts even call such an advantage "a small exchange." Why the bishop is better, and when in the endgame—this is what we are going to discover in our course. GM Dejan Bojkov has selected only fresh samples from modern practice when strong players were following their plans in the best possible way. Start improving your minor piece endgame play today!

Here is what you will learn:

• Learn what positions favor each piece!
• Learn how to convert a material advantage in the ending!
• Learn to use the Principle of Two Weaknesses!

### Pawns on Two Flanks (Symmetry)

I always use "Capablaca's Chess Manual"; to explain to my students the general idea why the bishop is better than the knight in the endgame. Here is what the great Cuban teaches us: "In this position it is better to have the bishop, although after correct play the game should end in a draw. The advantage of the bishop over the knight is that it can attack from far away, from the center both flanks of the opponent, and the ability quickly to transfer from one side of the board to the other." Just place the bishop on one of the central squares d4 (e5), or e4 (d5) if it is a light-squared one and you will discover that it can attack two pawns on different flanks simultaneously. Try the same with the knight. It does not work, does it?
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### Pawns on both Flanks (Assymetry)

Capablanca: In this position the bishop has an indisputable advantage. Both players have an equal number of pawns, but they are not balanced on the flanks. White is somewhat better although after a correct play the game should end in a draw. The less symmetrical the position is the more powerful the bishop feels.
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### Pawns on both Flanks (further Assymetry)

Capablanca: In this position the bishop has an obviously decisive advantage over the knight as the pawns are not only placed on both flanks, but there are also passed pawns. It will be extremely difficult, if even possible, for Black to achieve a draw here. And indeed, White can simply place the bishop on b2 from where it will both stop the black passers and support White's. The opponent's knight cannot manage in both functions and will have simply to be on the defense.
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### Domination

Efimenko-Najer, Bundesliga 2008/2009 The bishop can dominate the knight alone, if the latter is at the edges of the board, and trap it.
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### Domination and the Corner Pawns

Cmilyte-Csonka, Gibtelecom Masters 2009 A rook's pawn is a real nightmare for the knights. As soon as that springy horse comes close to the edge of the board it loses power, and becomes a clumsy donkey. In the featured position White manages to convert a single corner pawn, and one that promotes on the wrong square-- the opposite color of the bishop.
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### Restriction, Deflection, Win

Kveinys-Ejsmont, Polish Ekstraliga 2006 White is practically a pawn ahead as the Black f-pawns are doubled and White has the opportunity to realize his advantage by combining play with his passer and limitation of the knight. In this example we see another inconvenient square for the knight.
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Carlsen-Adams, World Cup Khanty-Mansiysk 2007 Converting the material advantage is an easy task if the opponent cannot build a fortress.
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Ki. Georgiev-Nisipeanu FIDE Wch k.o. 2000 When the stronger side has possibility for play on both flanks the bishop becomes a monster.
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### Pawn Fixation

Adams-Karjakin, ECC men 2007 We have seen so far that bishops have one general drawback-their "color blindness." In order to use these pieces correctly we must use our pawns in a proper way, helping the bishops have fixed targets.
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### Outside Passed Pawn

Rej-Castor, Sydney International Open 2010 An outside passed pawn is a great advantage in all endgames. A bishop is extremely happy to have such support as it eases its main hobby- play on two flanks.
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### Play on both Flanks

Ki. Georgiev- Erdos, EICC Budva 2009 Play on both flanks is the most successful strategy in the bishop versus knight endgames.
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### Complex Positions

Bogner-Mutschnik, 2 Bundesliga South 2008/09 Black's prospects look grim, as White simply wants to come and destroy the b pawn, after which White will be practically a pawn ahead. At the same time the Black bishop on g7 has a terrible life and is restricted by its own pawns.
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### Principle of the Two Weaknesses

Fischer-Taimanov Candidates match, Vancouver 1971 Usually, when there are plenty of pawns on the board the bishop does not feel comfortable, as they might limit its scope. However, if there is a possibility for play on both flanks it is again the better piece. The most remarkable masterpiece of this thesis was created by Robert James Fischer.
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# Уроки

### Bishop versus Knight (Part 1)

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Опубліковано December 15, 2007
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