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Adolf Anderssen: A Good Positional Player!

  • GM Julio_Becerra
  • | Apr 29, 2009
  • | 8802 views
  • | 26 comments

Adolf AnderssenEverybody knows about Adolf Anderssen's combinations: "the Immortal" and "the Evergreen"... but, who knows about the positional games from Anderssen?! Yes, its true, Anderssen was a great positional player! Of course he shines in combinational play and is an outstanding tactical player (maybe the first in the history of chess) but later in his career he turned towards positional play. A knowledge of the combination is the foundation of positional play!

Anderssen was born in Breslau (now called Wroclaw), in the Prussian province of Silesia, in 1818. He studied philosophy  and mathematics and taught at the college of his native city until his death on March 13, 1879. Anderssen lived a quiet and stable life, and his passion was playing chess. Anderssen's hometown was so proud of him that in 1865 Breslau University awarded him an honorary doctorate.

Anderssen first came to the attention of the chess world when he published Aufgabe fur Schachspieler, a collection of 60 chess problems, in 1842. This article has two studies from this collection; one is a mate in 4 and the other is a mate in 5. When I was writing this article, I showed the first problem to my student Erik Hecht who found mate in two. At that moment I realized I had placed the king incorrectly on g8. Maybe you can find this mate too.

 

 

 

 

After the London 1851 Tournament, tournaments were becoming more frequent, and the general adoption of the round robin format was becoming more common. Anderssen obtained a very successful tournament record at this late stage in his career (starting at age 50): he achieved five first places, two second places, two third places; and a sixth place in the final year of his life, when his health was failing. I only hope my student, who will be 50 this year, can achieve equal success!!

This article also highlights an important Anderssen game where he defeated Paulsen in Vienna, 1873. This battle cleary shows Anderssen's skill as a positional player. My comments on this game will test your positional knowledge as well.

 






Comments


  • 5 years ago

    invaderX17

    Great!

  • 5 years ago

    bobobbob

    The last game was a nice tactical as well as positional game. Thank you!

  • 5 years ago

    kerver73

    Anderssen is the very first chess player i  learned about and i will always have him  the best,as he is the oldest of the  very best.

    That's why i was so surprised when there were published 5-6 games of his defeat from Zukertort and was annoyed as well to be honest...

    What a great great man he was!!

  • 5 years ago

    SmokeJS

    Yesterday I downloaded a free book titled Morphy's Games. Published in 1860 so no cost. It's lightly annotated by Lowenthal. The first 11 games are with Anderssen. The games were played at the Cafe de Regence in Paris in late 1858. Morphy won the match but Anderssen managed a respectable showing considering he was likely playing one of the most best chess players the world will ever know.

  • 5 years ago

    Pavrey

    Brilliant - Anderssen, with his attacking style had a great influence on me when I started playing.

  • 5 years ago

    Tamer_ChessMaster

    that's how legends play , great article

  • 5 years ago

    greatexcalibur

    Very nice game!

  • 5 years ago

    Lazarous

    Nice game. I really enjoyed his moves.

  • 5 years ago

    ADK

    Wow, those are some impressive compositions!

    ADK

  • 5 years ago

    lastwarrior2010

    wow, the thrid puzzle was soooo tricky

  • 5 years ago

    Elubas

    We all knew he was a great positional player though. If it wasn't for the evergreen and immortal games, he would be best known as a positional player.

  • 5 years ago

    Wesso

    Great article!  I really enjoyed those games!

  • 5 years ago

    JG27Pyth

    Super article, thank you.

  • 5 years ago

    RazaAdeel

    Bitstream85, I think you should click on the moves tab to see the answer.

  • 5 years ago

    RazaAdeel

    Wonderful article with great annotations!!

    The compositions were also very nice!!

  • 5 years ago

    bitstream5

    i am still trying to figure out why black didnt take the pawn with the bishop on move 15 lol.  great game though, very interesting and great example of positional play

  • 5 years ago

    dexter_cro

    beautiful games, he was really a good player...

  • 5 years ago

    Theempiremaker

    Very informative.

  • 5 years ago

    IPA-Ray

    What about White's move 34 placing his bishop en prise for a while? Interesting game.

  • 5 years ago

    Glaedr

    Genosse_Uhlmann 

    that was a wonderful game!

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