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He Learned Directly from God, pt 3

  • GM Julio_Becerra
  • | Aug 31, 2011
  • | 12980 views
  • | 44 comments

[part 2]

In 1958, Fischer became the youngest grandmaster in history, at 15 years and 6 months. This record held until 1991 when it was broken by Judith Polgar. In 1959, in the Candidates Tournament Bled / Zagreb / Belgrade, he finished fifth to sixth, with 12.5 of 28; despite this mediocre performance, he was very flattered by a man (Botvinnik) who was usually very spare of praise: "This young man has a brilliant talent, I'm sure the U.S. GM has a great future."

On December 16, 1959, just before the1959-60 US Championship, Fischer decided not to play. He had demanded a public drawing of the pairings. Anthony Saidy was substituted for Fischer. On December 19, after it was agreed that the drawing would be made public in the future, Fischer decided to defend his title, and for the first time, he showed up in a suit. He wore a white shirt and a white tie. He had been encouraged by Pal Benko to dress well. He won the U.S. Championship for the third consecutive year, with 9 of 11.

In 1960 he tied for 1st-2nd place with Boris Spassky at Mar del Plata, Argentina, with 13.5 of 15, and afterwards Spassky said: "the U.S. champion plays blitz with pleasure and passion, the only thing that does not bring him pleasure is to lose in chess. When this happens, he returns the pieces to their places quickly, seeking revenge!" Fischer did poorly in Buenos Aires that same year, scoring 8.5 of 19. He only won 3 games; it was the worst result of his career. Pal Benko said that Fischer did horribly in the tournament "because he got caught up in women and sex." Afterwards, Fischer said the he would never mix women and chess together, and he kept the promise.

Then Fischer won a small tournament in Reykjavik with 3.5 of 4. In November, 1960, he played first board for the United States at the Chess Olympiad in Leipzig, East Germany. He finished with 13 of 18 and won the bronze medal for his individual result; the USA won the silver medal as a team result.

In January 1961, Bobby again won the U.S. Championship with 9 of 11, the fourth consecutive time.

In July he started a match with Sam Reshevsky and tied it with 2 wins, 7 draws, and 2 losses before negotiations broke down over the playing schedule and time of the start of each game. The match was discontinued. The games were played in New York and Los Angeles.

Bobby forfeited the match because the 12th game of the series was started at 11 a.m., and Bobby was not told of this time change. The game had been scheduled for play at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles on Sunday, August 13 at 1:30 pm. At 10 am that morning, he received a call that the playing time had been moved up to 11 am to accommodate the wishes of the principal patron, Mrs. Jacqueline Piatigorsky. She wanted the game to be over in time for her to attend a concert to be given that night by her husband, Gregory Piatigorsky. Bobby refused to play at 11 a.m. and cited a clause in his playing contract which stated that the playing time had to be acceptable to both parties. Reshevsky was declared the winner of the match, and received the winner's share of the prize fund.

In 1961, he took 2nd at the Alekhine Memorial in Bled, Yugoslavia, with 13.5 of 19, one point behind Tal. He defeated Tal in the 2nd round. Of Fischer's performance at Bled, Larry Evans said, "He has shown beyond the shadow of a doubt that he is a contender for the world title. Fischer has single-handedly broken the Russian iron grip on chess supremacy." Svetozar Gligoric said, "Bobby is going to be world champion."

Bobby Fischer chose not to play in the U.S. Championship of 1961-62, and in the next World Championship cycle, he won the 1962 Stockholm Interzonal by 2½ points, with 17.5 of 22. He was the first non-Soviet player to win an Interzonal since FIDE instituted the tournament in 1948. "His technique in the endgames with only 19 years is impeccable." (Kotov) In the Candidates Tournament of Curaçao 1962 he finished fourth with 14 of 27, the best result by a non-Soviet player, but well behind Tigran Petrosian's 17.5 of 27, and Efim Geller and Paul Keres both with 17 of 27. Tal fell very ill during the tournament, and had to withdraw. Fischer was the only contestant who visited him in the hospital.

Following his failure in the 1962 Candidates (at which five of the eight players, were from the Soviet Union), Fischer asserted in an August 1962 article in Sports Illustrated magazine, entitled "The Russians Have Fixed World Chess," that three of the Soviet players (Tigran Petrosian, Paul Keres, and Efim Geller) had a pre-arranged agreement to quickly draw their games against each other in order to save energy and to concentrate on playing against Fischer, and that a fourth, Viktor Korchnoi, had been forced to deliberately lose games to ensure that a Soviet player won the tournament. It is generally thought that the former accusation is correct, but not the latter. This is discussed further in the World Chess Championship 1963 article. Anatoly Karpov, later World Champion, wrote in his 1991 autobiography that Korchnoi had complained in the Soviet Union, shortly after the 1962 Candidates' event, about not being included in the colluding group of Soviets. Fischer also stated that he would never again participate in a Candidates' tournament, since the format, combined with the alleged collusion, made it impossible for a non-Soviet player to win.

Following Fischer's article, FIDE in late 1962 voted a radical reform of the playoff system, replacing the Candidates' tournament with a format of one-on-one knockout matches.

Comments


  • 3 years ago

    IcemanJr

    Fischer's tactical genius can be clearly observed from the above illustrated games. He played the game in its purest form. His style of play is ingenious. Another player whose playing style I admire besides Fischer's was Tal's. Tal would've been the conqurer if it handn't been for his deteriorating health. 

  • 3 years ago

    fish_food

    Regarding title:

    It is probably borrowed from Gary Kasparov...

    In his book, 'My Great Predecessors, part IV', Kasparov titles one of his paragraphs on Fischer with 'He Learned from God himself!'

    Kasparov (or whoever wrote that for Kasparov) puts this title in quotes, suggesting they are not Kasparov's words. (None of the other titles to his paragraphs are in quotes.)
    And indeed, if you keep reading his chapter on Fischer, you get to a passage where he claims a certain Jack Collins in a book 'My Seven Chess Miracles' made this comment:

    "About Bobby Fischer I can perhaps use the words that were said about Franz Shubert: He learned from God himself"

    Now, Kasparov got that slightly wrong. The book is actually "My Seven Chess Prodigies" and the author is perhaps better known as John Collins rather than Jack. It is ironic that the bibliography lists the book correctly as "My Seven Chess Prodigies".

    It is also interesting that Kasparov missed a mate in 1 in his first volume. Now this error... Fischer's errors in his books were few and far between. The Kasparov books are nice, but they are not the great works some claim them to be.

  • 3 years ago

    chessdoggblack

    Don't we just love "Bobby": he schooled the "future" chess world on how to invision chess. I like to thank him for this. He (is) our everlasting American "CHESS" HERO. Go bobby! Cool

  • 3 years ago

    JoeTheV

    @jesterville I agree that Fischer was a great player with you (even though Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian is my favorite), but I also agree with you on the title and his person (no offense or anything to him).

  • 3 years ago

    jesterville

    Fischer was without doubt the best, or second best player to ever hold the pieces (the other would be Kasparov)...but "he learned directly from God?...please...Did Bobby ever believe in God?

    ...I love his chess...but can't stand the person...

  • 3 years ago

    ishamael13

    Another nice mental stretch by solving the exercises. I am curious about a particular personality bit though. Did Bobby visit my idol Tal at the hospital because he genuinely liked him, or to do something different from everybody else? Not that it matters, it is just that Bobby's motivation is always suspect to me, outside of the chess board of course. LOL.

  • 3 years ago

    augustosilveira

    Here's the link to the article by Fischer about how the Soviets fixed the world chess championship:

    http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1074080/index.htm

  • 3 years ago

    cp03008

    The third puzzle is fascinating! Genious!

  • 3 years ago

    jamesdjamesdrwheeler

    brilliant article, most entetaining !
    More Fischer....can't get too much !

    Cool

  • 3 years ago

    UVF02368

    He actually learned from a Gnome, just like the rest of us.

  • 3 years ago

    SolomeoParado

    What can you expect from Bobby Fischer but genius moves?

  • 3 years ago

    ontomorrow

    Very good articles, but let down by the hyperbole of the title.

  • 3 years ago

    apdodger

    Always very rewarding to examine Fischer's play... thank you for the article.

  • 3 years ago

    NKT73

    I have the book, "Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess"!!  I have learned a lot from it.  Even though I have only been study very hard for 1 month, my rating is around 1000.  I am not sure if this is good.  Maybe very low.  However, to me, it is better than when I was even lower than that at first

  • 3 years ago

    NimzoRoy

    Nice article, great puzzles.

  • 3 years ago

    SavageLotus

    I can't stand the man. Unfortunately, It gets in the way of my ability to admire his brilliant chess play. Too bad really. Good article though.

  • 3 years ago

    tarooq

    master

  • 3 years ago

    mobidi

    He was really BIG FISH! Thank You!

  • 3 years ago

    kudish

    The last one was a good one.

  • 3 years ago

    bigknoll

    What a "BRILLIANT PLAYER"!!!

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