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Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Iceland

    • 21 Reads
    • | 21 Reads

    Has the highest per capita chess population in the world.  A government-run lottery helps finance chess and handball tournaments.  Iceland had 9 Grandmasters, 7 International Masters, and 16 FIDE masters in a country of only 250,000 inha... Read More »

  • Telegraph

    • 21 Reads
    • | 21 Reads

      The first telegraph match was played between Washington, D.C. and Baltimore in  November, 1844, linked by the first American telegraph.  In 1845, Staunton and Hugh Kennedy, playing from Gosport, Portsmouth Harbor, played two telegraph gam... Read More »

  • Telephone

    • 21 Reads
    • | 21 Reads

    The first telephone chess game was played in 1878 by two players in Derbyshire, England.  The first telephone chess match was between the chess clubs of Cardiff and Swansea in 1884.  The first tournament contested by telephone was that b... Read More »

  • Uruguay

    • 21 Reads
    • | 21 Reads

    First country in South America to have a chess magazine.  In 1881, the Revista de ajedrez was published in Uruguay.  Uruguay became a member of FIDE in 1937. Read More »

  • Bachmann, Ludwig

    • 21 Reads
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    Ludwig Ernst August Bachmann (1856-1937) was a German chess author and chronicler of chess.  He worked for the Bavarian railway as a senior official.  In his spare time, he collected information on chess events and put them in yearbooks ... Read More »

  • Geller, Efim

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    Efim Petrovich Geller (1925-1998) was one of the top 10 players in the world for over 20 years.  He won the Ukrainian Championship in 1950, 1957, 1958, and 1959.  He was a six-time Candidate between 1953 and 1971 (1953, 1956, 1962, 1965,... Read More »

  • Ilyin-Genevsky, Alexander

    • 21 Reads
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    Alexander Ilyin-Genevsky (1894-1941) was the Russian master who had to learn the game twice.  He was gassed, then shell-shocked in World War I, which took away his memory.  Irving Chernev wrote that a bullet entered Ilyin-Genevsky&r... Read More »

  • Ivanov, Igor Vasilievich

    • 21 Reads
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    Igor Ivanov (1947-2005) was a Grandmaster (2004) who defected from the Soviet Union to Canada in 1980.  He had been part of a Soviet team which went to Cuba to play in the Capablanca Memoria.  On the way back to Russia, during a ref... Read More »

  • Lasker, Emanuel

    • 21 Reads
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    Emanuel Lasker (1868-1941) was the second world chess champion, from 1894 to 1921, who played in 8 world championship matches.  Emanuel Lasker took first place at Breslau in 1889 by accident.  Another competitor, needing a draw or win fo... Read More »

  • Maelzel, Johann

    • 21 Reads
    • | 21 Reads

    Johann Maelzel (1772-1838) was a mechanical engineer who bought the automaton called the Turk from Wolfgang von Kempelen's son.  He was the inventor of the metronome in 1816 and was a good friend of Beethoven.  Prince Eugene de Beauh... Read More »