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Zugzwang

  • Last updated on 8/28/13, 5:44 AM.

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Pronounced "tsoog-tsvung", Zugzwang is a German word meaning "obligation to move".  The term is used for a position in which whoever has the move would obtain a worse result than if it were the opponent’s turn to play.  The term was first used in a German chess magazine in 1858. Below is the Immortal Zugzwang game, where in the final position, any move Black makes, loses quickly.

Whoever is to move in the following diagram IMMEDIATELY loses. This is because they must not only cease attacking the opponent's pawn, but must give up defense of their own! This situation is refferd to as a 'trebuchet'.

White to move:

Black to move:

Comments


  • 7 years ago · Quote · #1

    sidwhite

    Very interesting
  • 7 years ago · Quote · #2

    Wolmir

    One must be very good player to do such things.

     

  • 7 years ago · Quote · #3

    bosco

    Practically, every move i make is a zugzwang's move for my opponent ;-)

    cool name, innit ? 

  • 7 years ago · Quote · #4

    eyesallhazy

    The pressure is mostly on white.
  • 7 years ago · Quote · #5

    1red5a

    It was a nice one

     

    Laughing 


  • 7 years ago · Quote · #6

    BrooksJ

    Thanks for posting that. What a great game to review.
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #7

    redlab

    cool article and game.  not sure what he means by a 'ghost' though.
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #8

    Airforce

    good game burt it isn't an easy one !!!!!!!!!!
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #9

    lithium11

    I have a lot to learn...
    Very interesting, thanks for posting!
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #10

    rajkhilji

    wow ! tat's fantastic.......
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #11

    DR_ABBAS

    it is avery perfect game


  • 6 years ago · Quote · #12

    chessfanforlife

    nice!


  • 6 years ago · Quote · #13

    grensley

    whats wrong with f3?
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #14

    Ridzwan

    interesting
  • 6 years ago · Quote · #15

    srn347

    White is in two zugzwangs. The copy strategy zugzwang(zugzwang lite) can be broken, the extra information zugzwang, not so much.

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #16

    chandy

    nimzovish is one of the most good at playing zugzwang.

    he always plays it when he is black. thats why he's my favorite GM.

    If he didnt die at 1874 he would be the best player ever.

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #17

    chandy

    I mean 1974.

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #18

    Pikaspeed

    I used this against an opponent, but somehow he fooled me with his queen. I don't know how he did it, though.

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #19

    EnGliSHCheSsPlAy

    exactly..! it means  " no move "

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #20

    Maurissius

    cool

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