Bernhard Horwitz

Bernhard Horwitz

billwall
May 20, 2008, 12:00 AM |
8 | Chess Players

Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born painter (specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer.    In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess.  In 1846, he lost an unofficial world championship match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winning 7, and drawing 3.  He won the first study-composing chess tournament,  held in 1862.  Along with Josef Kling, he wrote Chess Studies and End-Games in 1851, reprinted in 1884 with 208 endgame studies.  He was one of the Berlin Pleiades.  He lent his name to the Horwitz Bishops, which are two bishops working in tandem on adjacent diagonals.

Here is one of the games the Horwitz beat Staunton.  Horwitz threatened a back rank mate that Staunton missed.

 


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