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Today in Chess History: Nov 15

  • #1

    Nov 15, 1907: Israel Albert Horowitz was born in New York, USA.

    Nov 15, 1911: Fritz Gorschen was born in Dresden, Germany.

    Nov 15, 1933: Gianfelice Ferlito was born in Milan, Italy.

    Nov 15, 1944: Hans Ree was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Nov 15, 1947: Bojan Kurajica was born in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.

    Nov 15, 1961: Gustaaf Nietvelt, Belgian composer, died in Anvers, Belgium.

    Nov 15, 1964: Samuel Isenegger, Swiss composer, died in Basel, Switzerland.

    Nov 15, 1965: Maurizio Genovese was born in Siracusa, Italy.

    Nov 15, 1971: Arnaud Hauchard was born, Germany.

    Nov 15, 1974: Roland Schmaltz was born, France.

    Nov 15, 1983: Peter Dubinin died in Gorky, Russia.

    Nov 15, 1993: Gino Fletzer died in Venice, Italy.

  • #2

    Israel Albert Horowitz (often known as Al Horowitz or I. A. Horowitz) (November 15, 1907, in Brooklyn, New YorkJanuary 18, 1973) was a Jewish-American International Master of chess. He was clearly a grandmaster-strength player by present day standards, but he never got the title. He is most remembered today for the books he wrote about chess, many of which are still highly recommended for students of the game.

    Horowitz was the chess columnist for the New York Times, writing three columns a week for ten years. He was the owner and editor of Chess Review magazine from 1933 until it was bought out and taken over by the United States Chess Federation in 1969. Chess Review magazine was founded in 1933 as a partnership between Horowitz and Grandmaster Isaac Kashdan. However, Kashdan dropped out after just a few issues and Horowitz became sole owner. Before that, Horowitz had been a securities trader on Wall Street. He had been partners with other chess masters, Maurice Shapiro, Mickey Pauley, Albert Pinkus and Maurice Wertheim. Horowitz dropped out and devoted himself to chess, while the others stayed on Wall Street.

    Horowitz was a leading player in the U.S. during the 1930s and 1940s. He was U.S. Open Champion in 1936, 1938, and 1943. In 1941, he lost a match (+0 =13 −3) with Samuel Reshevsky for the U.S. Chess Championship. He played on the U.S. Team in four Chess Olympiads, 1931, 1935, 1937, and 1950. The U.S. team won the Olympiads in 1931, 1935, and 1937 with overwhelming scores. In a famous USA vs. USSR radio chess match 1945, Horowitz scored one of the only two wins for the USA by defeating Grandmaster Salo Flohr.

    Horowitz-Flohr, USA-USSR radio match 1945 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nf6 5.Nxf6+ gxf6 6.Ne2 Bf5 7.Ng3 Bg6 8.h4 h6 9.h5 Bh7 10.c3 Qb6 11.Bc4 Nd7 12.a4 a5 13.Qf3 e6 14.O-O Bc2 15.Bf4 Bb3 16.Bd3 e5 17.Be3 Bd5 18.Be4 Qb3 19.dxe5 fxe5 20.Rad1 Bxe4 21.Qxe4 Qe6 22.Rd2 Nf6 23.Qf3 Rg8 24.Rfd1 Rg4 25.Nf5 e4  Black appears to be winning material, since White's attacked queen has no move that continues to defend the knight on f5.

    Chess zhor 26.png
    Chess zver 26.png a8 rd b8 c8 d8 e8 kd f8 bd g8 h8 Chess zver 26.png
    a7 b7 pd c7 d7 e7 f7 pd g7 h7
    a6 b6 c6 pd d6 e6 qd f6 nd g6 h6 pd
    a5 pd b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 nl g5 h5 pl
    a4 pl b4 c4 d4 e4 pd f4 g4 rd h4
    a3 b3 c3 pl d3 e3 bl f3 ql g3 h3
    a2 b2 pl c2 d2 rl e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2
    a1 b1 c1 d1 rl e1 f1 g1 kl h1
    Chess zhor 26.png
    Horowitz-Flohr, position after Black's 25th move

    26.Bb6! A powerful shot, leaving Black with no effective way to stop the threatened mate on d8, e.g. 26...Nd5 27.Qxg4; 26...Be7 27.Qxg4! Nxg4 28.Ng7+ Kf8 29.Nxe6+; or 26...Qc8 27.Nd6+ Bxd6 28.Qxf6 Be7 29.Qh8+ Bf8 30.Rd8+ Qxd8 31.Rxd8+ Rxd8 32.Bxd8 Kxd8 33.Qxf8+. Rxg2+ 27.Qxg2 Qxf5 28.Rd8+ Rxd8 29.Rxd8+ Ke7 30.Qg3 Nd7 31.Bc7 Qd5 32.c4 Qg5 33.Qxg5+ hxg5 34.Ra8 Ke6 35.Bxa5 f5 36.Bc3 f4 37.a5 g4 38.b4 f3 39.Bd2 Kf7 40.Ra7 g3 41.Rxb7 1-0


    • All About Chess, Collier Books, 1971
    • Chess for Beginners, Fireside Books, 1950, ISBN 0-671-21184-6
    • Chess: Games to Remember, David McKay, 1972. OCLC 309191.
    • Chess Openings: Theory and Practice, Fireside Books, 1964 ISBN 0-671-13390-X (hardback) and ISBN 0-671-20553-6 (paperback)
    • Chess Self-Teacher, Harper & Row, 1961, ISBN 9780060922955
    • Chess Traps, Pitfalls, and Swindles (with Reinfeld), Simon and Schuster, 1954. OCLC 2731999.
    • The Complete Book of Chess (with P. L. Rothenberg) Collier-McMillan, 1969. OCLC 59804206.
    • First Book of Chess (with Fred Reinfeld), Harper & Row, NY, 1952. ISBN 9780389002253.
    • The Golden Treasury of Chess, ISBN 0-88365-065-7
    • How to Think Ahead in Chess (with Reinfeld), Simon and Schuster, 1951. ISBN 9780671211387.
    • How to Win At Chess (A complete course with 891 diagrams)
    • How to Win in the Chess Openings, ISBN 0-671-62426-1
    • Learn Chess Quickly, Doubleday, 1973. OCLC 9653926.
    • The Macmillan Handbook of Chess (with Reinfeld), Macmillan, 1956. OCLC 1237807.
    • The World Chess Championship; a History, Macmillan, 1973. OCLC 604994.


  • #3

    Hans Ree (born November 15, 1944 in Amsterdam) is a Dutch Grandmaster of chess and is a columnist and chess writer for the NRC Handelsblad. He also contributes to the leading chess magazines New In Chess and ChessCafe.com. His earlier publications include Een blinde reus (A Blind Giant, 1989), Rode dagen en zwarte dagen (Red Days, Black Days, 1993) and Schaakstukjes (Chess Pieces, 1993).

    His more recent offering The Human Comedy Of Chess (Access Publishers Network, 2000) chronicles developments in the chess world in a humorous and occasionally acerbic manner, drawing on material from his columns and insider observations.

    Having previously shared the title of European Junior Champion in 1964/65 and 1965/66, Ree won the Dutch Chess Championship in 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1982. Additionally, in 1971 he was a winner of the Canadian Open Chess Championship. He became an International Master in 1968 and an International Grandmaster in 1980.


  • #4

    Bojan Kurajica (born 15 November 1947, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia) is a Croatian-Bosnian (formerly Yugoslavian) chess grandmaster (GM).

    Kurajica earned the International Master (IM) title in 1965 by winning the World Junior Championship. He was awarded the GM title in 1974.

    He played for Yugoslavia in Chess Olympiads at La Valletta 1980 (won team bronze medal) and Thessaloniki 1984. After the collapse of Yugoslavia, he represented eight times Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1992 to 2006 (won team silver medal at Moscow 1994).

    In 2005 Kurajica was awarded the title of FIDE Trainer.

    On the November 2009 FIDE list his Elo rating is 2517.


  • #5

    Roland Schmaltz (born November 15, 1974) is a German chess grandmaster. His Elo rating was 2546.

    Grandmaster (2001) . Four time (1998, 1999, 2000, 2001) unofficial world bullet (1 minute) chess champion, His handle is Hawkeye on the Internet Chess Cafe. In 1994, he was the German Youth (under 20) chess champion. In 1998, he was the German Blitz Chess Champion. In 2004, he wrote "The Complete Chess Server Guide." He currently lives in Australia.



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