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Today in Chess History: Oct 10

  • #1

    Oct 10, 1817: Serafino Dubois was born in Roma, Italy.

    Oct 10, 1887: Newell Banks was born in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

    Oct 10, 1891: Cyril Kipping, British composer, was born in London, England.

    Oct 10, 1917: Giovanni Tonetti died in Manziana, Italy.

    Oct 10, 1945: Yuri Razuvayev was born in Moskva, Russia.

    Oct 10, 1959: Barbara Hund was born in Leverkusen, Germany.

    Oct 10, 1961: Ognjen Cvitan was born in Sibenik, Croatia.

    Oct 10, 1964: Suat Atalik was born, Turkey.

    Oct 10, 1964: Giorgi Giorgadze was born, Georgia.

    Oct 10, 1975: Giulio De Narda died in Parma, Italy.

    Oct 10, 1979: Rufat Bagirov was born, Azerbaijan.

    Oct 10, 1983: Michael Roiz was born, Russia.

  • #2

    Serafino Dubois (October 10, 1817January 15, 1899) was an Italian chess player. He was known for his writings on the game and for his promotion of chess in Italy.

    Serafino Dubois was born in Rome. His early career coincided with a time when the Italian rules of chess differed from those elsewhere in Europe but he wasn't content with being recognized as the best player in Italy - he needed to prove himself on the European board as well.

    During the early to middle part of the nineteenth century chess tournaments were few and far between and many of the top players were limited to playing matches against each other, usually for a substantial purse which was either staked by themselves or by their patrons. From the 1840s to the 1860s Dubois took part in many matches against the top players of Europe and it was rare for him to lose, even when he gave odds of the move and a pawn to his opponents.

    In 1846 he played a number of games against Marmaduke Wyvill in Rome, who was one of the finest players in England, and it has been reported that Dubois won 55-26 when no odds were given by either side but lost 39-30 when he gave odds of a pawn plus a move to his opponent.

    In 1855 he visited Paris and the famous Café de la Régence, a mecca for the leading French players and enthusiasts from abroad, and he played no fewer than four matches, beating the strong French player Jules Arnous de Rivière by 25-7, Seguin by 5-1, Budzinsky by 13½-6½ but he did lose 4-1 to Lecrivain.

    In 1856 he beat Kowsky 11½-1½ and played another match against Rivière but unfortunately the latter score has been lost. Two years later he played the celebrated Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev in the Cafe Antonini in Rome and won a game in 25 moves giving odds of a pawn and ceding the first move. This game was later published in La Nuova Rivista degli Scacchi in 1880.

    His best performance came in the London tournament of 1862 where he came 5th with 9 points, ahead of Wilhelm Steinitz who later went on to become the first official world chess champion. Dubois won £10 in prize-money, now roughly equivalent to £700, and after the tournament ended Steinitz challenged him to a match. The future world champion beat his Italian opponent by 5½-3½, but Dubois did win several other matches that same year against Cornelius Bonetti (11½-1½) and against Valentine Green — the first he won 5-0 and the second 5½-½.

    Dubois moved to the Netherlands in April 1863 and reputedly stayed for about two years. However he couldn't get used to the climate and returned to Rome where he concentrated on his writing and his promotion of the Italian rules of the game.

    From the late 1850s to the early 1870s Serafino Dubois corresponded regularly with French and Russian masters about how to achieve unity in the rules of chess. In particular he was an avid supporter of free castling which was permitted under the Italian rules of the game but not elsewhere in Europe. Under free castling the King and Rook, after jumping over each other, could go to any square up to and including the other's starting point, provided neither piece attacked an enemy piece.

    There were other significant differences in the Italian rules too: taking a pawn "en passant" was forbidden and, interestingly, pawns could only be promoted into pieces captured during the game. There was an added twist to the latter rule - if a pawn reached the eighth rank before any piece of its colour had been captured, it had to wait there 'suspended' until a piece was captured, at which time the promotion was possible.

    Dubois discussed these issues in his writings of the time. In 1847 he became the editor of the first Italian chess column, L'Album in Rome and by 1859 he was co-editor with Augusto Ferrante of the chess journal La Rivista degli Scacchi which was also based in his home city. He published a three volume work on the differences in the rules between the Italian and French versions from 1868-73 in which he tried hard to defend the practice of free castling.

    However by the 1880s Italy toed the line and adopted the normal European laws of chess although it wasn't until the end of the century that the new rules were widely accepted throughout the country.

    Dubois was Italy's best player during the 1850s and 1860s. He has been retrospectively rated at 2642 in January 1857 by the Chessmetrics web-site. According to chessmetrcis, Dubois was ranked no.1 of the world between March 1856 and August 1858, until he was replaced by Paul Morphy. He may well have been a stronger player under the Italian rules of the game.

    He was very influential within the world of Italian chess and, not surprisingly, chess politics played a big part in his later life. In addition he wrote many articles on the openings and a line of the Vienna, the Dubois variation of the Hamppe-Muzio gambit (C25), is attributed to him as well as the Dubois-Reti defence in the Scotch Gambit (C44). However he was not a keen fan of the French and commented 'This is the most monotonous and annoying play you can imagine - rarely it gives rise to combinations of some interest'. Dubois died on January 15, 1899.





  • #3

    Newell William Banks (October 10, 1887 – 1977) was an American checkers and chess player. Banks played his first game of blindfold checkers at age five years and six months at the Detroit Chess and Checker Club. In 1947, at age 60, for 45 consecutive days (4 hr per day) Banks played 1387 blindfold checker games, winning 1331 games, drawing 54 and losing only two, while playing six games at a time. He also set a new blindfold speed record playing 62 games in four hours, winning 61 and 1 drawn at the Convention Hall, Detroit, Michigan. Banks also played chess and is counted among the few players who have mastered both games. In the Master's Invitational Chess Tournament in Chicago, 1926, Banks defeated Isaac Kashdan and U.S. Chess Champion Frank Marshall, and drew with former champion Jackson Showalter, Samuel Factor, and Oscar Chajes.


  • #4

    Yuri Razuvayev (sometimes written Yuri Razuvaev) (born 10 October 1945), is a Soviet chess player.

    He became International Master in 1973, International Grandmaster in 1976 and Honoured Coach of Russia in 1977. In 2005 he was awarded the title of FIDE Senior Trainer.

    Tournaments he has won include Dubna 1978, Polanica-Zdrój 1979, London 1983, Dortmund 1985, Jurmala 1987, Pula 1988, Protvino 1988, Reykjavik 1990, Leningrad 1992, Tiraspol 1994, Reggio Emilia 1996, San Sebastian 1996.

    At the second USSR vs Rest of the World match in 1984, he substituted for Tigran Petrosian, who was absent because of illness. Razuvayev performed admirably by limiting his opponent, the much higher rated Robert Hübner, to four straight draws.

    According to Chessmetrics, at his peak in December 1984 Razuvayev's play was equivalent to a rating of 2690, and he was ranked number 28 in the world. His best single performance was at Reykjavik (Open), 1990, where he scored 6.5 of 9 possible points (72%) against 2616-rated opposition, for a performance rating of 2706.

    In the July 2009 FIDE list, he has an Elo rating of 2540, making him Russia's number 92.


  • #5

    Ognjen Cvitan (born 10 October 1961 in Šibenik, Yugoslavia) is a Croatian (formerly Yugoslavian) chess grandmaster. Cvitan earned the International Master title by winning the 1981 World Junior Championship.

    On the April 2009 FIDE list his Elo rating is 2523.


  • #6

    Suat Atalık (born October 10, 1964) is a Grandmaster of chess. As of the July 2009 FIDE rating list, he is ranked number 165 in the world and number two in Turkey, behind Mikhail Gurevich.

    He went to Galatasaray Lycee and studied Psychology in Boğaziçi University.

    He was born in Turkey in 1964, represented Turkey in the World Junior Chess Championship in 1983, and was their top board for several Chess Olympiads.

    Despite this, and his current residence in Istanbul, he had disputes with chess organizers in his country, so he declared himself to be a resident of Bosnia and Herzegovina, his ancestral home.

    During the 2000 World Chess Olympiad in Istanbul, Atalik insisted on playing for Bosnia rather than Turkey. As a result, the organizers of the Olympiad banned him from the competition.

    After the selection of the new national chess federation, he has returned to play under the Turkish national team again.

    In 2003 he took first at Mar del Plata.

    On November 11, 2005 he married 22-year-old woman grandmaster Ekaterina Polovnikova from Russia. Former world championship challenger Nigel Short, who also played in the World Junior Championship in 1983 was his best man.

    Atalık was the only Grandmaster registered in the Turkish Chess Federation in Turkey beginning in 1994 and ending in 2005, when Mikhail Gurevich took up residence there. But he is still the only Turkish GM from Turkey. At the moment strong junior players like Mert Erdoğdu or Umut Atakişi are considered to be capable of achieving GM status within 10 years.


  • #7

    Michael Roiz (Russian: Михаил Ройз, born 10 October 1983, Russia) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.

    He learned to play chess at the age of 7. At the age of 9, he finished 2nd in the national championship under-10 category. In 1995 he moved to Israel, becoming an IM in 1999 at the age of 16, and a GM in 2003.

    His best tournament achievements since have been: 1-3 in Ashdod op 2004; 1-6 in Zürich op 2004; 2-4 with Mikhail Gurevich and Vitali Golod with 7/9 at the Saint Vincent op 2004; 3-5 with 8/10 at the Benasque op 2005; 2-3 with Radosław Wojtaszek at Lublin op 2009.

    He has won several blitz and rapid tournaments, such as Biel 2006. At the Gibraltar Masters in 2007, he shared 5th place in a very strong field, behind GMs Vladimir Akopian, Alexander Areshchenko, Hikaru Nakamura, and Emil Sutovsky.

    He was a member of the Israeli national team in Plovdiv 2003, (team silver medal); Calvià 2004 (the 36th Chess Olympiad), and Beer-Sheva World Team Chess Championship 2005.

    In 2005, he qualified for the World Cup in Khanty-Mansiysk 2005, but lost to Alexander Motylev 0.5-1.5.



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