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Today in Chess History: Oct 13

  • #1

    Oct 13, 1877: Johannes Esser was born in Leiden, Netherlands.

    Oct 13, 1878: Frantisek Dedrle was born in Tishnov, Czech Republ.

    Oct 13, 1908: Jan Foltys was born in Svinov, Czech Republ.

    Oct 13, 1923: Alberto Foguelman was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    Oct 13, 1949: Nana Alexandria was born in Poti, Georgia.

    Oct 13, 1965: Igor Yagupov was born, Russia.

    Oct 13, 1976: Ronen Har-Zwi was born, Israel.

  • #2

    Johannes "Jan" Fredericus Samuel Esser (13 October 1877, Leiden – 9 August 1946, Chicago) was a Dutch plastic surgeon who pioneered innovative methods of reconstructive surgery on soldiers wounded in the First World War. He is thought to have coined the term "stent" in 1917 to describe his use of a dental impression compound invented in 1856 by the English dentist Charles Stent (1807–1885) to create a form for facial reconstruction. The term "stent" was later extended to mean a device to expand constricted tubes of body tissue.

    He was a one time Dutch Chess Champion, winning the Dutch Championship in a play-off match for the title against Rudolf Loman in 1913.


  • #3

    Jan Foltys (13 October, 1908, Svinov – 11 March, 1952, Ostrava, Moravian-Silesian Region in the Czech Republic), was a Czech chess International Master.

    In 1933, he tied for 8-12th in Mnichovo Hradiště (13th Czech championships). In 1933, he tied for 5-7th in Moravska Ostrava; the event was won by Ernst Grünfeld. In 1935, he tied for 5-7th in Luhačovice; the event was won by Karel Opočensky. In 1936, he took 3rd in Poděbrady (14th CSR-ch); the event was won by Salo Flohr. In 1937, he took 4th in Margate. In 1937, he tied for 3rd-4th in Prague; the event was won by Paul Keres. In 1937, he tied for 2nd-4th in Rogaška Slatina; the event was won by Mieczysław Najdorf. In 1937, he tied for 9-10th in Jurata (4th POL-ch); the event was won by Savielly Tartakower. In 1938, he took 3rd in Prague (15th CSR-ch). In 1938, he tied for 10-12th in Łódź; the event was won by Vasja Pirc. In 1938, he took 11th in Ljubljana (Laibach); the event was won by Borislav Kostić. In May 1939, he took 7th in Stuttgart (1st European Tournament); the event was won by Efim Bogoljubow.

    He played at first board for Czechoslovakia at 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad in Munich in 1936 (+7 –1 =11), at second board at the 7th Chess Olympiad in Stockholm in 1937 (+7 –2 =9), and at second board at the 8th Chess Olympiad in Buenos Aires in 1939 (+8 –3 =5). Altogether in these three events, in 53 games, he scored (+22 -6 =25), for 65.1 per cent.

    During World War II, Foltys played in several strong tournaments. In 1940, he won in Rakovnik (Bohemia and Moravia-ch, Protektorat der Böhmen-Mähren Meisterschaft). In 1941, he won ahead of József Szily and Ludovit Potuček in Trenčianske Teplice. In September 1941, he took 7th in the Munich 1941 chess tournament (2nd European Tournament); the event was won by Gösta Stoltz. In 1941, he drew (6 : 6) a match with Karel Opočenský in Prague. In September 1942, he tied for 3rd-5th with Efim Bogoljubow and Kurt Richter, behind Alexander Alekhine, and Paul Keres, in Munich (1st European Championship, Europameisterschaft). In December 1942, he took 3rd, behind Alekhine and Klaus Junge, in Prague (Duras Jubileé). In April 1943, he tied for 4-5th in Prague; the event was won by Alekhine. In June 1943, he took 5th in Salzburg; the event was won by Keres and Alekhine. In 1943, he tied for 1st-2nd with František Zita in Prague (B&M-ch). In 1943, he took 2nd, behind Čeněk Kottnauer, in Zlín. In 1944, he took 4th in Brno (B&M-ch, Opočenský won).

    After the war, Foltys participated in tournaments and team matches. In 1946, he tied for 4-5th in Prague. The event was won by Miguel Najdorf. In 1946, he took 3rd, behind Luděk Pachman and Miroslav Katětov, in Ostrava (CSR-ch).

    He played in twelve international matches. In 1947, he won (1.5 : 0.5) against Lodewijk Prins in The Hague (NED – CSR); won (2 : 0) against Harry Golombek in London (GB – CSR); won (2 : 0) against Ritson-Morry in Birmingham (MCCU – CSR); lost (0 : 2) to Nicolas Rossolimo in Paris (FRA – CSR); lost (0.5 : 1.5) to Vasja Pirc in Zagreb (YUG – CSR). In 1948, he won (1.5 : 0.5) against Svetozar Gligorić in Spindleruv Mlyn (CSR – YUG). In 1949, he won (2 : 0) against Makarczyk in Katowice (POL – CSR); won (1.5 : 0.5) against Lokvenc in Vienna (AUT – CSR); drew (0.5 : 0.5) with Kovacs in Vienna (Wien – CSR); lost (0.5 : 1.5) to Max Euwe in Prague (CSR – NED); drew (1 : 1) with Platt in Prague (CSR – AUT), and won (2.5 : 0.5) against Szabados in Venice (ITA – CSR).

    Foltys had his best tournament result at Karlovy Vary / Mariánské Lázně in 1948. In the same year, he took 3rd in Budapest. In 1949, he tied for 1st with Stojan Puc in Vienna (3rd Schlechter Memorial), tied for 4-7th in Venice, and took 6th in Trenčianske Teplice. In 1950, he took 7th in Szczawno Zdrój. In 1950, he took 13th in Amsterdam. He qualified in Mariánské Lázně in 1951 for the Interzonal of Stockholm 1952, but died of leukaemia at Ostrava in 1952 before it took place.

    He was awarded the International Master title in 1950.


  • #4

    Alberto Foguelman (born 13 October 1923, Buenos Aires) – an Argentine chess master.

    Born in Buenos Aires, he is a member of Círculo de Ajedrez de Villa del Parque de Buenos Aires, since 1945. He played many times in Argentine Chess Championship (1953 – 1976), and twice shared 2nd in 1959 (Bernardo Wexler won) and in 1962 (Raúl Sanguineti won). His best achievement was 3rd, after Vasily Smyslov and Efim Geller, at Santiago de Chile 1965. He also took 2nd place, behind Héctor Rossetto, at Fortaleza 1963 (zonal), tied for 17-19th at Amsterdam 1964 (interzonal), and shared 1st with Henrique Mecking, Julio Bolbochán and Oscar Panno at Rio Hondo 1966 (zonal).

    In other tournaments, he won at Buenos Aires (La Régence) 1959, won at Quilmes 1959, tied for 9-11th at Belgrad 1962 (Svetozar Gligorić won), tied for 3rd-4th at Mar del Plata 1962 (Torneo Latinoamericano, Raimundo Garcia won), tied for 3rd-5th at Havana 1963 (Pan American-ch, Eleazar Jimenez won), took 5th at Chacabuco 1965 (Jorge Pelikán won), and shared 5th at Mar del Plata 1967 (Open, Miguel Najdorf won).

    Foguelman represented Argentina in Chess Olympiads:

    • In 1960 at second reserve board in 14th Olympiad in Leipzig (+5 –4 =1);
    • In 1962 at second reserve board in 15th Olympiad in Varna (+4 –0 =2), and won team bronze medal.

    He was awarded the International Master title in 1963.


  • #5

    Nana Georgievna Alexandria ( born 13 October 1949 in Poti, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR) is a Georgian chess Woman Grandmaster (WGM). She was the challenger in two matches for the Women's World Chess Championship.

    Alexandria was awarded the Woman International Master (WIM) title in 1966 and the WGM title in 1976, she was USSR Women's Champion in 1966, 1968 (jointly) and 1969. Alexandria was the Women's World Championship Challenger in 1975 and 1981. In 1975 she lost to Nona Gaprindashvili (+3 =1 −8). In 1981 she drew with Maia Chiburdanidze (+4 =8 −4), with Chiburdanidze retaining her title as champion. Alexandria played for Soviet Union in the Chess Olympiads of 1969, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1982 and 1986. She was one of the contributing players of the USSR team that dominated the women's Olympiads of the 1980s.

    Alexandria is now an administrator to FIDE. She became the chairperson of the FIDE Women's Committee in 1986.


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