Today in Chess History: Sep 23


Sep 23, 1794: Edward Lowe was born in Prague, Czech Republ.

Sep 23, 1856: Edgardo Codacci was born in Milan, Italy.

Sep 23, 1881: Ehrhardt Post was born in Cottbus, Germany.

Sep 23, 1902: Gerardus Drese, Dutch composer, was born in Wallwijk, Netherlands.

Sep 23, 1907: Jens Enevoldsen was born in Copenhagen, Danmark.

Sep 23, 1916: Gino Fletzer was born in Fiume, Italy.

Sep 23, 1918: Jan Knoppel, Danisch composer, was born in Copenhagen, Danmark.

Sep 23, 1943: Mark Tseitlin was born in Leningrad, Russia.

Sep 23, 1949: Roman Hernandez was born in Santiago, Cuba.

Sep 23, 1963: Leon Loewenton, Romanian composer, died in Paris, France.

Sep 23, 1964: Tibor Tolnai was born, Hungary.

Sep 23, 1965: Tatiana Stepovaia-Dianchenko was born, Russia.

Sep 23, 1976: Vito Gandolfi died in Parma, Italy.

Sep 23, 1983: Leinier Dominguez was born in Havana, Cuba.

Sep 23, 2002: Eduard Gufeld died in Los Angeles, USA.


Edward (Eduard) Löwe (Loewe, Lowe) (September 1794 - February 1880) was an English chess master.

In 1847, he won a match with Howard Staunton (5 - 2) but his opponent gave odds of pawn and two moves. In regular matches, he won against Hugh Alexander Kennedy (7.5 - 6.5) in 1849, and lost to Frederic Deacon (2.5 - 7.5) in 1851, James Hannah (8 - 13) in 1856, and Paul Morphy (0 - 6) in 1858.

In tournaments, he won against Arthur Simons (2 - 0) and lost to George Webb Medley (1.5 - 2.5) at London 1849 (Ries’ Divan, Henry Thomas Buckle won),and lost a match to Marmaduke Wyvill (0 - 2) at the London 1851 chess tournament (it, Adolf Anderssen won).


Alfred M. Ehrhardt Post (23 September 1881, Cottbus – 1 August 1947, Berlin) was a German chess master and functionary.

At the beginning of his career, he won and tied for 3-6th at Hanover 1902 (13th DSB–Congress, B tourn). He tied for 7-8th at Coburg 1904 (14th DSB–Congress, B tourn) and 12-13th at Barmen 1905 (B tourn, Leo Forgacs (Fleischmann) won). He took 7th at Ostend 1906 (elim.).

In 1907 he took 2nd, behind Richard Teichmann, in Berlin. In 1910 Post won a match against Wilhelm Cohn (+6 –3 =3) in Berlin. He tied for 13-14th in interrupted the Mannheim 1914 chess tournament (19th DSB–Congress, Alexander Alekhine won). In 1917, he tied for 3rd-4th in Berlin (Paul Johner and Walter John won).

Post won, ahead of Friedrich Sämisch, at Hamburg 1921 (21st DSB–Congress). He won, ahead of Carl Carls, at Oeynhausen 1922 (22nd DSB–Congress). He tied for 2nd-3rd, behind Ernst Grünfeld, at Frankfurt 1923 (23rd DSB–Congress).

In 1933–1945 Ehrhardt Post was a Managing Director (the Chief Executive ) of NaziGrossdeutscher Schachbund” and a principal organizer of the strongest chess tournaments in Europe (Stuttgart 1939 – 1st Europa Turnier, Efim Bogoljubow won, Munich 1941 – 2nd Europa Turnier, Gösta Stoltz won, Salzburg 1942 – Six Grandmasters Tournament, Alexander Alekhine won, Munich 1942 – 1st European Championship, Alekhine won, Salzburg 1943 – Six Grandmasters Tournament, Paul Keres and Alekhine won).


Jens Enevoldsen (23 September 190723 May 1980) was a Danish chess master born in Copenhagen who won the Danish Chess Championship five times (1940, 1943, 1947, 1948, and 1960). In 1939 he shared first but lost a playoff, and in 1950 he again shared first but lost a lottery.

He took 4th at Helsinki 1947 (zonal, Eero Böök and Gösta Stoltz won).

Enevoldsen played for Denmark ten times in Chess Olympiads (1933, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1952, 1956, 1958, 1966, 1970, and 1972).

He was awarded the International Master (IM) title in 1950 and was made an International Arbiter (IA) in 1960.


Mark Danilovich Tseitlin (Hebrew: מארק דנילוביץ צייטלין‎; Russian: Марк Данилович Цейтлин; born on September 23, 1943 in Leningrad), is an Israeli International Grandmaster of chess of Russian origin.

Mark Tseitlin got acquainted with chess in Leningrad's Pioneers Palace. He is self-taught, having studied without a coach. His peak FIDE rating was 2545 in 1995.

He was awarded the title of International Master in 1978, and became a Grandmaster in 1997.

Tseitlin immigrated to Israel in 1990, and is currently a trainer at the Beer-Sheva Eliahu Levant Chess club, a world-renowned club frequented by many of Israel's finest players.

His chess credo Mark Tseitlin expresses as pursue of relentless attack against opponent's king, usually through material sacrifices.

Tseitlin has a daughter Ira and two granddaughters, who are living in Germany.

Tseitlin was Leningrad City championin 1970, 1975, 1976, and jointly in 1978.

During his playing career he defeated Viktor Kortschnoj four times and beat many famous grandmasters. His best tournament achievements include first place at Polanica Zdroj 1978 (ahead of Andersson), and second at Trnava 1979 (after Plachetka). Tseitlin is the many-time Beer-Sheva Chess Club Champion.

There are many international grandmasters and masters among Tseitlin's apprentices. Among his pupils are such famous chess players as grandmasters Alexander Finkel, Boris Avrukh, Ilya Smirin, Victor Mikhalevski and Dimitry Tyomkin. Mark Tseitlin assisted the rise of former world champion Anatoly Karpov, and strong Soviet grandmaster Rafael Vaganian.

Tseitlin and Karpov

He is known for his sharp tactical vision at the chessboard, and is an acknowledged expert in many chess openings, such as the Grunfeld Defence.

Mark Tseitlin has become the European Senior Champion thrice (2004 in Arvier, 2005 in Bad Homerg, and 2008 in Dresden).

Despite this remarkable success, Israeli Chess Federation failed to provide financial basis for Tseitlin to participate in World Senior Championships, preferring to sponsor other lower-rated chess players, both in 2004, in 2005 and in 2008 as well. 

In 2004 Tseitlin won 1st World Senior Team Championship, together with Jacob Murey, Yair Kraidman and Yedael Stepak.

The following game illustrates Tseitlin's sharp tactical style.

Tseitlin - V. Karasiev

Severodonetsk, 1982

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 cd4 5. Nd4 a6 6. Bg5 Nbd7 7. Bc4 h6 8. Be3 e6 9. O-O Nc5 10. Qf3 b5 11. b4!? bc4 12.bc5 dc5

Chess zhor 22.png
Chess zver 22.png a8 rd b8 c8 bd d8 qd e8 kd f8 bd g8 h8 rd Chess zver 22.png
a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 pd g7 pd h7
a6 pd b6 c6 d6 e6 pd f6 nd g6 h6 pd
a5 b5 c5 pd d5 e5 f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 pd d4 nl e4 pl f4 g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 nl d3 e3 bl f3 ql g3 h3
a2 pl b2 c2 pl d2 e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl
a1 rl b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 rl g1 kl h1
Chess zhor 22.png

The position after 12. ... dc

13. Nf5! Bb7

The following line illustrates dangers of Black's defence: 13... ef5 14. ef5 Ra7 15. Rfe1 Be7 16. Bc5 Rd7 17.Be7 Re7 18. Qc6+ Nd7 19. Nd5! Re1+ 20. Re1+ Kf8 21. Qd6+ Kg8 22. Ne7+ Kh7 23. Qg6+!! fg6 24. fg6!#

14. Rab1 Qc8 15. Ng3 Be7 16. Na4 Nd7 17. Nh5 Kf8

Black cannot castle because of 18.Qg4

Chess zhor 22.png
Chess zver 22.png a8 b8 rl c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 rd Chess zver 22.png
a7 rd b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 pd g7 h7 kd
a6 pd b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 bd g6 pd h6 pd
a5 b5 c5 pd d5 e5 f5 qd g5 h5
a4 b4 c4 pd d4 e4 bd f4 nl g4 h4 pl
a3 b3 c3 bl d3 e3 f3 g3 ql h3
a2 pl b2 c2 pl d2 e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2
a1 b1 rl c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 kl h1
Chess zhor 22.png

The position after 28. ... Bf6?

18. Nb6 Nb6 19. Rb6 g6 20. Rfb1 Ra7 21. Nf4 Kg7 22. Bd2 Bf6 23. Qg3 Kh7 24. Re6 Bg5 25. Reb6 Be4 26. h4 Bd8 27.Rb8 Qf5 28. Bc3 Bf6?

In time trouble Karasiev fails to find best defence 28.... Re8

29. Nh5!! -It is impossible to fend off such surprise even with enough time. If 29. ... gh 30.Rh8+ Bh8 then 31. Rb8 is winning.

29. ... Rb8 30.Nf6+ Qf6 31. Rb8 1-0


Leinier Domínguez Pérez (born September 23, 1983 in Havana, Cuba) is a Cuban chess Grandmaster.

He won the Cuban Chess Championship in 2002, 2003 and 2006.

During the 2004 FIDE World Chess Championship he reached the quarter finals, losing to Teimour Radjabov in the tie-break.

His best tournament result was Barcelona 2006, where he scored 8/9 and finished first, ahead of Vassily Ivanchuk, with a performance rating of 2932.

In 2008, he won CPA 2008 chess tournament, he also won the 43rd Capablanca In Memoriam tournamentand in Biel 2008 he is second (he and Evgeny Alekseev had 6.5 / 10, but he lost Alekseev in tie-break), ahead of Magnus Carlsen.

On the July 2009 FIDE list his Elo rating is 2716.

On November 8, 2008 he won the World Blitz Championship 2008, held at Almaty in Kazakhstan, with 11.5 points out of 15, ahead of Vassily Ivanchuk, Peter Svidler, Alexander Grischuk and many other top grandmasters.


Eduard Yefimovich Gufeld (March 19, 1936, Kiev, Soviet Union – September 23, 2002) was a Ukrainian International Grandmaster of chess, and a chess author.

By the late 1950s he established himself as one of the strongest players in the world. He defeated Mikhail Tal, Boris Spassky, Vasily Smyslov, Viktor Korchnoi, David Bronstein, and just about every other strong Soviet player.

Gufeld played in his first chess tournament in 1953 at the age of 17. He became the junior champion of Ukraine at the age of 18. He became an International Master in 1964, and became an International Grandmaster in 1967. In 1977 his Elo rating was 2570, and ranked 16th in the world.

He was also a trainer who moved to Tbilisi, the Republic of Georgia, and lived there for more than a decade, and coached Maia Chiburdanidze, who became the youngest women's world chess champion in 1978.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, he emigrated to the USA.

He started the FIDE Committee on Chess Art and Exhibition.

He used to say to those who laughed at his English: "I think that my English is better than your Russian!"

Gufeld was one of most prolific authors in all of chess, writing over 100 chess books, which sold 3.5 million copies worldwide.

His proudest achievements, however, were his win with the Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defense against Vladimir Bagirov, which he called his "Mona Lisa," and his 1967 win over Vasily Smyslov (see below). The first of these games made it into John Nunn's collection of the hundred greatest games of all time, Mammoth Book of the World's Greatest Chess Games, and the 112-game collection that followed it. Gufeld beat Smyslov again in 1975.

In September 2002, Gufeld suffered a stroke and heart attack virtually simultaneously. Following a period of unconsciousness, he regained consciousness but was unable to speak or walk. He died two weeks later at the age of 66 in the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Here is Gufeld's 1967 win over Smyslov: Spartakiade, Moscow 1967 Smyslov-Gufeld: 1.c4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.b4 Bg7 4.Bb2 O-O 5.e3 b6 6.d4 c5 7.dxc5 bxc5 8.b5 a6 9.a4 Ne4 10.Bxg7 Kxg7 11.Qd5 Qa5+ 12.Ke2 Bb7 13.Qxb7 Nc6 14.Nfd2 Ra7 15.bxc6 Rxb7 16.cxb7 Qb4 17.Nxe4 Qb2+ 18.Nbd2 Qxa1 19.Nxc5 Rb8 20.g3 Qa3 21.Nxd7 Rxb7 22.Bh3 Qd6 23.c5 Qd5 24.f3 Rb2 25.Rd1 e6 26.c6 Qc4+ 27.Ke1 Qd3 28.Bf1 Qxe3+ 29.Be2 a5 30.f4 f6 31.c7 Rc2 32.Kf1 Rxc7 33.Nc4 Rxc4 34.Bxc4 Qf3+ 35.Ke1 Qc3+ 0-1.