Today in Chess History: Sep 8

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Sep 8, 1830: Thomas Loyd, American composer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Sep 8, 1832: Edmund Thorold was born in Barnby Moor, England.

Sep 8, 1854: Elijah Williams died in London, England.

Sep 8, 1920: Francisco Jose Perez was born in Vigo, Spain.

Sep 8, 1922: Hector Rossetto was born in Bahia Blanca, Argentina.

Sep 8, 1932: Gheorghi Teodoru, Romanian composer, was born, Romania.

Sep 8, 1935: Friedrich Baumbach was born in Weimar, Germany.

Sep 8, 1949: Johann Victor Ulehla died in Vienna, Austria.

Sep 8, 1956: Amador Cespedes Rodriguez was born in San German, Cuba.

Sep 8, 1957: Elias Silberstein died in Wingdale, New York, USA.

Sep 8, 1958: Sergey Smagin was born, Russia.

Sep 8, 1969: Luigi Ceriani, Italian composer, died in Milan, Italy.

Sep 8, 1976: Clarice Benini died in Poggio a Vico, Italy.

Sep 8, 1979: Peter Leko was born in Subotica, Yugoslavia.

Sep 8, 1984: Mijo Udovcic died, Yugoslavia.

henry55

Elijah Williams (7 October 18098 September 1854) was an eminent British chess player of the mid-19th century. The first president of the Clifton Chess Club, and publisher of a book of games from the Divan Club. He was accused by Howard Staunton of to taking an average of 2½ hours per move during some matches, a strategy thought to cause opponents to lose their focus on the match, earning him the nickname of the Bristol Sloth. According to Howard Staunton, following a particularly dilatory performance by Williams in the London 1851 tournament, a 20 minute per turn time limit was adopted for standard play the next year. However other sources contradict this viewpoint and indeed it was not uncommon for Staunton to attribute his losses to the intolerable dilatory play of his opponents.

A musical tune "The Bristol Sloth" was composed by guitarist Leo Kottke (who also applied the term 'sitzkrieg' in describing Williams' playing style).

British player Howard Staunton is quoted as remarking while playing against Williams, "... Elijah, you're not just supposed to sit there – you're supposed to sit there and think!"

Williams died in London.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_Williams

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Francisco José Pérez Pérez (8 September 192011 September 1999) was a Spanish/Cuban chess player. Born in Vigo, Spain, he won the Spanish Chess Championship in 1948, 1954, and 1960. He played for Spain in the Chess Olympiads of 1958 and 1960 and in the 1961 European Team Championship. He shared first place at Madrid 1959. FIDE awarded him the International Master (IM) title in 1959. After emigrating to Cuba he played second board on the Cuban team in the 1964 Olympiad.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Jos%C3%A9_P%C3%A9rez

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Héctor Decio Rossetto (September 8, 1922, Bahia Blanca, Argentina - 23 January, 2009, Buenos Aires) was one of the best chess players in Argentine history.

He earned the title of International Master in 1950 and the Grandmaster title in 1960.

He was a five-time Argentine Champion (1942, 1944, 1947, 1962, and 1972). Rossetto won Mar del Plata in 1949 and again in 1952 (shared with Julio Bolbochán).

He was the director of the 1978 Chess Olympiad in Buenos Aires.

After Miguel Najdorf he was the most important Argentine chess player of his time.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hector_Rossetto

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Dr Friedrich (Fritz) Baumbach (born September 8, 1935 in Weimar, Germany) is a German chess grandmaster of correspondence chess, most famous for being the eleventh ICCF World Champion in correspondence chess between 1983 and 1989. He was also East German Champion in 1970.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Baumbach

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Clarice Benini (8 January 1905, Florence - 8 September 1976, Poggio a Vico, Rufina) was an Italian chess master.

She finished second in the Women's World Championship at Stockholm 1937, behind Vera Menchik but ahead of Sonja Graf, Milda Lauberte, Mary Bain, Mona May Karff, and others. She was the two-time Italian Champion, winning at Milan 1938 and Rome 1939.

In 1936, she took 2nd, behind Sonja Graf, in Semmering. In 1949/50, she took 9th in the Women's World Chess Championship in Moscow (Ludmila Rudenko won). She tied for 3rd-4th at Venice 1951 (WWCC zonal), won at Gardone 1956, took 6th at Venice 1957 (WWCC zonal), won at Amsterdam 1957, and took 2nd at Beverwijk 1958.

Benini was awarded the Woman International Master (WIM) title in 1950.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarice_Benini

henry55

Péter Lékó (Serbian: Петер Леко) (born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess player. He became a grandmaster in 1994 at the age of 14 years (a world record at the time). In the January 2009 FIDE list, he has an Elo rating of 2751, making him number nine in the world, and Hungary's number one. His best rating was number four, first achieved in April 2003.

Leko was a chess prodigy and became a Grandmaster at age 14, then the youngest ever.

He is the son-in-law of Armenian grandmaster Arshak Petrosian.

In 2002 Leko won the Candidates Tournament to qualify as the challenger to Vladimir Kramnik for the Classical World Chess Championship 2004. (The World Chess Championship was split at the time, but most of the strongest players participated, the most notable exceptions being the world's top two, Garry Kasparov and Viswanathan Anand). After several delays, the match was held from September 25 – October 18, 2004, in Brissago, Switzerland. Lékó led by a point with just one game left to play. Kramnik managed to win the last game, tying the match 7–7 (+2 −2 =10), which entitled him to remain the reigning "classical" world champion.

In October 2005, Lékó played for the FIDE World Chess Championship title in San Luis, Argentina, and was ranked fifth with 6.5 points. For more information, see FIDE World Chess Championship 2005.

In May-June 2007 Lékó played in the Candidates Tournament for the World Chess Championship 2007. He won his matches against Mikhail Gurevich (+3−0=1) and Evgeny Bareev (+2−0=3), to qualify for the eight-player championship tournament. In the championship he finished fourth out of eight.

In 2001, Lékó narrowly defeated Grandmaster Michael Adams in an eight game Fischer Random Chess (Chess960) match played as part of the Mainz Chess Classic. As a result, Lékó was hailed by many as the first Fischer Random Chess world champion. This claim is not universally accepted, since there were no open qualifying matches. Many do accept the claim, however, since this was also true of the first orthodox world chess champion titleholders, and both players were in the top five in the January 2001 world rankings for orthodox chess.

Every year since 2005, Peter Leko played a rapid chess match in the Hungarian city of Miskolc. Each year, he faced a different world-class opponent.

  • In 2005, he drew Michael Adams 4–4
  • In 2006, he beat Anatoly Karpov 4.5–3.5
  • In 2007, he lost to Vladimir Kramnik 3.5–4.5
  • In 2008, he lost to Magnus Carlsen 3–5
  • In 2009, he lost to Viswanathan Anand 3–5

Lékó is an extremely solid player and is considered to be one of the most difficult players in the world to defeat. He has been criticized in the past for a perceived lack of killer instinct and a propensity to draw a large percentage of his games. As White, Lékó almost always plays 1. e4, and as Black he often plays the Sveshnikov Sicilian or Grünfeld Defence. More recently he relies on the Marshall Attack, the Nimzo Indian and Queen's Indian with black. In addition, he is renowned for his endgame skill.

  • 2008: 1st prize board one at the chess olympiad in Dresden
  • 2008: 1st Dortmund (Cat. 18)
  • 2007: 1st ACP Rapid World Cup
  • 2006: 1st Tal Memorial (Cat 20)
  • 2005: 1st Corus chess tournament
  • 2004: Drew Classical World Chess Championship 2004 (+2 −2 =10) versus Vladimir Kramnik
  • 2004: 2nd Linares chess tournament (Cat 20)
  • 2004: 2nd Wijk aan Zee (Cat 19)
  • 2003: 2nd Monaco
  • 2003: 1st Linares (Cat 20)
  • 2002: 1st Candidates Tournament at Dortmund chess tournament
    Won the right to challenge Vladimir Kramnik for the World Chess Championship
  • 2002: 2nd place at Essen (Cat.17)
  • 2002: 3rd place at Monaco
  • 2002: 1st Rapid Grand Prix at Dubai
  • 2001: 1st Rapid Master Event in Nordhorn (Germany)
  • 2001: 3rd Dortmund (Cat. 21)
  • 2001: Defeated Michael Adams in a Fischer Random Chess match, Mainz, Germany
  • 2000: Defeated Alexander Khalifman in match play, Budapest
  • 1999: 1st Dortmund (Cat. 19)
  • 1999: 1st the Rapid Grand Prix in Bordeaux (France)
  • 1998: 2nd place at Tilburg (Cat. 18)
  • 1996: 1st World Junior Chess Championship U16
  • 1995: 3rd Dortmund (Cat. 17)
    At the age of 15
  • 1994: Awarded International Grandmaster title
    At then-record age of 14 years old
  • 1992: Awarded International Master title


Image:chess zhor 26.png
Image:chess zver 26.png a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 rd g8 kd h8 Image:chess zver 26.png
a7 rl b7 bd c7 d7 e7 rd f7 g7 bd h7 pd
a6 bl b6 c6 d6 qd e6 f6 g6 h6
a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 pd f5 g5 h5
a4 b4 nl c4 d4 pd e4 f4 pd g4 h4
a3 b3 c3 pl d3 e3 f3 g3 h3
a2 b2 pl c2 d2 e2 f2 pl g2 pl h2 pl
a1 b1 c1 d1 ql e1 f1 rl g1 kl h1
Image:chess zhor 26.png
In this position after move 26 in the 2005 Corus tournament game between Viswanathan Anand and Péter Lékó, Lékó (Black) punishes Anand's erroneous 26th move with a strong combination.

On the way to winning the prestigious Corus chess tournament in 2005, Lékó defeated Indian Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand with the black pieces. The moves were:

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 e5 6. Ndb5 d6 7. Bg5 a6 8. Na3 b5 9. Bxf6 gxf6 10. Nd5 f5 11. c3 Bg7 12. exf5 Bxf5 13. Nc2 O-O 14. Nce3 Be6 15. Bd3 f5 16. O-O Ra7 17. a4 Ne7 18. Nxe7+ Rxe7 19. axb5 axb5 20. Bxb5 d5 21. Ra6 f4 22. Nc2 Bc8 23. Ra8 Qd6 24. Nb4 Bb7 25. Ra7 d4 26. Ba6? (Better is 26. Bc6 Bxc6 27. Rxe7 Qxe7 28. Nxc6 with approximate equality. See diagram) 26...Bxg2! 27. Bc4+ Kh8 28. Ra6 Qc5 29. Kxg2 f3+ 30. Kh1 Qxc4 31. Rc6 Qb5 32. Rd6 e4 33. Rxd4 Bxd4 34. Qxd4+ Qe5 35. Qxe5+ Rxe5 36. Nc2 Rb8 37. Ne3 Rc5 38. h3 Rxb2 39. c4 Rg5 40. Kh2 Kg8 41. h4 Rg6 42. Kh3 Kf7 43. Nf5 Rc2 44. Ne3 Rd2 45. c5 Ke6 46. c6 Rg8 47. c7 Rc8 48. Kg3 Rxc7 49. Kf4 Rd4 50. Ra1 Rf7+ 51. Kg3 Rd8 52. Ra6+ Ke5 53. Ng4+ Kd5 54. Nf6+ Rxf6 55. Rxf6 Ke5 56. Rh6 Rg8+ 57. Kh3 e3 0-1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Leko