What to learn when new to chess?


So im new to chess im 15 and i really love it what should i do to improve? i know playing more improves you but is there anything specific i can do to improve my gameplay?


Opening Principles:

  1. Control the center squares – d4-e4-d5-e5
  2. Develop your minor pieces toward the center – piece activity is the key
  3. Castle
  4. Connect your rooks


The objective of development is about improving the value of your pieces by increasing the importance of their roles. Well-developed pieces have more fire-power than undeveloped pieces and they do more in helping you gain control.

Now we will look at 5 practical things you can do to help you achieve your development objective.

They are:

  1. Give priority to your least active pieces.
  • Which piece needs to be developed (which piece is the least active)
  • Where should it go (where can its role be maximized)
  1. Exchange your least active pieces for your opponent’s active pieces.
  2. Restrict the development of your opponent’s pieces.
  3. Neutralize your opponent’s best piece.
  4. Secure strong squares for your pieces.


Don’t help your opponent develop.

There are 2 common mistakes whereby you will simply be helping your opponent to develop:

  1. Making a weak threat that can easily be blocked
  2. Making an exchange that helps your opponent to develop a piece


Pre Move Checklist:

  1. Make sure all your pieces are safe.
  2. Look for forcing moves: Checks, captures, threats. You want to look at ALL forcing moves (even the bad ones) as this will force you look at, and see the entire board.
  3. If there are no forcing moves, you then want to remove any of your opponent’s pieces from your side of the board.
  4. If your opponent doesn’t have any of his pieces on your side of the board, then you want to improve the position of your least active piece.
  5. After each move by your opponent, ask yourself: "What is my opponent trying to do?"


General Ideas.

  1. Stop playing blitz, and bullet.  Play longer time controls of at least G45, or longer.  
  2. Follow Opening Principles:
  • Control the center.
  • Develop minor pieces toward the center.
  • Castle.
  • Connect your rooks.
  1. Study tactics...tactics...tactics.  One of my favorite quotes is this: "Until you reach Master, your first name is tactics, your middle name is tactics, and your last name is tactics”.
  2. Double Check your moves.  Before making a move, ask yourself: "Are my pieces safe?"
  3. After your opponent moves, ask yourself: "What is my opponent trying to do?"
  4. Analyze your games WITHOUT a chess engine, then have someone stronger go over the games, or post them online for review.
  5. DO NOT memorize openings. Learn and understand the pawn structure, and piece placement for the opening you wish to learn.
  6. Learn Basics Mates:
  • K vs. KQ
  • K vs. KR
  • K vs. KRR
  1. Learn Basic King and Pawn endings.
  • KP vs. K
  • Opposition
  1. Have Fun!

Thank you i wrote this down ill try studying tactics and play more g45



Glad to help and good luck!


Improving Your Chess - Resources for Beginners and Beyond...


1) Always check your intended move is no blunder before you play it
2) Solve tactics puzzles as a warm-up
3) Whenever you lose a game analyse it
4) Study annotated grandmaster games



learn the basic tactics(forks, skewers, pins, decoys, etc.)

study theory of some openings and use those openings almost exclusively in your games. if you know more about an opening than your opponent, you are probably going to dominate the entire game.

a few opening traps can't hurt either, just make sure that one trap isn't the only thing you have for a given opening. 

you probably shouldn't play too many gambits at this level. I mean things like the Vienna gambit(not really a gambit considering that accepting it loses by force), are okay, but I wouldnt recommend things like the KG, DG, (kings gambit and danish gambit) and such, I would wait until a bit later for that.


be active and aggressive. no point in playing passively unless you have to. but don't be so aimlessly aggressive that you are hanging pieces(unless there is good compensation for it). whenever your opponent makes a move, think to yourself,"what, with this move, is my opponent trying to accomplish?" are they attacking something, defending something, just a prep move?

study games from both titled players and engines. my personal favorite to study is Alphazero games. Try to implement the same ideas, but not to a huge extent. Note that these games are God-level engine vs God-level engine. It's okay to implement some of the ideas, but you are not playing against a god-level engine(unless they're cheating) so also just play at a human level. don't expect to shoot up the rating ladder. hope for that, don't expect it.


another important thing: don't play any opening that has the name Damiano in it. They are all bad. the Damiano Petrov loses the knight or queen by force, and ask GM Ben Finegold why the Damiano defense is bad.


It's all false.

The first thing to learn is the board.

The second thing is how the pieces move and eat.

The third, the special rules (castling, en passant, promotion...)

The fourth thing one must learn, is to submit the hand and the eyes to the brain until one quit playing the first move they see and quit distributing their pawns and pieces likes candies at halloween.

Then, as a 4b thing: not to miss the opportunities to gain free pawns and pieces.

After that, and only after that, one can begin learning chess.

Welcome to chess, mate! A lot of good advise, being new has the advantages of not having bad habits to break! It also has the plethora of discovery with new information and “ah-ha!” Moments that make chess learning so exciting. Enjoy the journey, don’t make it a chore or school work to learn. My tips;

1. Opening principles. Learn them inside and out, don’t fall for learning a bunch of openings you’ll rarely get to play because your opponents play random moves after a couple moves learning you with no idea what to do. Play using opening principles, which you can google about.

2. Solve many many many chess puzzles after learning all the tactical motifs. It’s about recognizing and finding those tactical sequences that’ll gain you material and save you material in your games. This will advance your chess skill the most- make it your main chess workout!

3. Learn how to checkmate and promote the pawns! King and queen, king and rook mates, promoting the pawn using your king assisting.

4. Play games, but avoid the bullet/blitz- you need time to think about your moves and avoid creating bad habits! The more time you have to think about your moves the better. Then after the game, review it! Look at your mistakes and consider why you missed the better ideas, and try to weed out faulty thinking patterns you may have.

Have fun with chess!