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Peace in our time
Twelve principles of knowledge
How do you know if your ideas are sensible, good or right? In other words - how do we support our truth claims?
What counts as evidence? What makes a thought or idea clear? These principles are a kind of philosophical checklist that can apply to any situation and any discipline.
None of the principles are sufficient in themselves, and some are stronger or more appropriate than others - depending on the situation. Therefore they need to be applied with some careful judgement on your part, however the more of them that do apply to your claim, then the more warranted it is likely to be.
Is the idea or set of ideas consistent, and therefore coherent?
Is your idea verified by sensory observation?
Can this observation be repeated with reasonable predictability?
In principle at least, is your idea falsifiable? Can its truth value be put to the test? In other words, can you at least entertain the truth claim being completely wrong? Can you imagine things otherwise?
Is the idea the simplest explanation of the most phenomena?
Does the idea help other related factors fall into place?
If the idea or claim works well, then it is true enough
Does it command your soul?
9. Common sense
Is it widely or generally taken as a given? Common sense can be a good guide sometimes.
10. Does it flow down through the ages?
Has the idea stood the test of time?
11. Warranted authority
Does your idea find affirmation amongst those wiser than yourself?
Does this idea of yours cohere with a related idea which is seen to be true? Such a similarity could imply its own truth.
(thanks due to George Dunseth, jazz musician, Leicester - and to all those who made it possible)
time itself - duration - is not a quantity to be measured, but an intensity to be experienced
Feed the learning-machine inside
F.U.N. F-U-N fun
That’s all folks!