English Opening: Symmetrical Variation

1.c4 c5

A symmetrical response to the English opening is possible - 1.c4 c5. Black blocks the c-pawn and controls d4. This could result in many different structures, depending on whether one side decides to push their d-pawn two squares.


  • Safe
  • Fights for d4 from the side


  • Symmetrical position with a tempo less
  • May be drawish
  • Does not unbalance the game very much
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