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Middlegame & Endgames Ideas - #2 = Trades

  • NM HowToTameADragon
  • | Jan 9, 2014

Hi guys,

As requested, I'll be doing an article on trades this week (i'll do minority attacks next week & Zwischenzug in the following week)

To start off, a game between two world champions  =

     php6OdLWK.jpeg        VSphpaUPg9Y.jpeg           

           Tigran Petrosian              Robert "Bobby" Fischer

This game is very instructional on a whole scale as to where to trade pieces based on the position - but I will now go into same piece exchanges (ie: NxN or BxB or RxR or QxQ)

Knight X Knight

In the middlegame - trades favor the side with the less centralized knight (on most occasions, however, it can also favor the side that's defending).

For example, trading a black knight on e4 with a white one on d2 would favor white for 2 reasons - the black knight has moved twice while the white one has only moved once & the black knight is more centralized so it is stronger

Bishop X Bishop

Knowing when to trade off same color bishops is important in middlegame play. There are 3 main reasons in trading off bishops: Removing a defender, Attacker or a bishop with a stronger diagonal.

Knight X Bishop

A knight x Bishop trade is used to A.gain the 2 bishop advantage B.removing a defender of pawns C.removing a bishop that can cause mate/material threats

Bishop X Knight

This is a far more uncommon trade - this is mainly used to remove A. A centralized knight or B.A blockader

Rook X Rook

This is used to remove a farther advanced rook (ie: a rook on the 7th), help to promote a pawn, or gain access to key squares with the other pieces

Queen X Queen

This is very common in Chess - normally used for A. Pure calculated win B. Better placed minors and rooks C. Force equality


In endgame positions - the trading of any piece is due to pure calculation (of either a forced win or a draw) or the piece that is being traded is worse than the piece that it is being traded for




  • 11 months ago


    Good article! But can you elaborate more of why, in the Petrosian vs. Fischer game, one piece is better than the other? If so, that would be great!

  • 11 months ago


    Dont look at the pieces which are traded, look what is left!

  • 11 months ago



  • 11 months ago


    thanks ..........especially the EXCHANGES.......thoses are very informative 4 me

  • 11 months ago


    You're right there's no reason not to take this pawn with check, although Qxc5+ makes no difference as the game's already lost: after Kh1 white threatens Rxf7 mate, so black has to play either f6, which leads to the win in the game, or Qh5, on which I think Bxf7 wins totally.

  • 11 months ago


    Why didn't Fischer respond 27. Rf1, Qxc5+?

    Better yet, what was the significance of 27. Rf1, f6? Why was it better than the former?

  • 11 months ago


    Thanks! Good approach on a tricky subject. Revisit this one sometime please!

  • 11 months ago


    An excellent and simplistic article. I think I'll be returning back to this as a good reference page.

  • 11 months ago


    Very instructive article. Thanks for writing it.

  • 11 months ago

    NM HowToTameADragon

    There - now it is a simpler title

  • 11 months ago


    nice article!! well, the name of the article is quite similar to this one 


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