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Maybe not refuted per se but why play the dragon when the Najdorf and Paulsen are superior?
Popularity and superiority are two different things. Don't confuse them.
And your definition of superiority is... ?
In the Paulsen it seems much harder for black to go wrong than in the Dragon. There's a reason why Chess Stars made the Paulsen the subject of the Safest Sicilian. The e6 pawn also covers d5 nicely and prepares a ...d5 thrust. Even in bind positions can be prepared. The Najdorf is superior because in the dragon black's d5 square is too weak while ...e6 in the dragon is oftentimes not viable due to weakening d6 too much.
In short black has fewer strategic problems in the Najdorf and Paulsen while white has a harder time against them while white has a relatively simple attackng plan of pry open the h-file and sac, sac mate against the dragon.
it does seem to me that objectively the Najdorf and the Paulsen are stronger. But dragon players get a lot of practice against whites sac sac mate approach and a great queenside attack. I think as grades go up more players shift towards the more complex NaJdorf for that reason. so no mystery really. I think that The mystery for me is why Taimanov/Paulsen/kan lines aren't more common. I did notice Anands drift towards that direction, Giri and Svidler have had many fine wins with these ideas too.
There's some good stuff with the Paulsen. One can set up a Hedgehog formation, capture away from the center in some cases (dxc6!) to contest a completely open d-file, play waiting moves and allow white to loosen himself, and has good transposition potential too.
Agreed that 2...e6 isn't nearly as popular as it logically should be, probably due to Fischer and Kasparov's great successes with the Najdorf overshadowing it, though Kasparov still has some Paulsen games.
the dragon has no refutation and if it has you won't find it because even magnus Carlsen gas used it with success against very strong players. computers might find.something in a hundred years, but right now there is.no refutation
it's a perfectly playable opening
It has no refutation but black seems to be putting all his eggs in one basket (the c-file) and other options seem safer, more flexible, and with more options. On the long diagonal the bishop doesn't cover the d6 square and e7 can become backwards and weak if white times a Marco Hop correctly.
I think that's a little harsh. Modern dragon players often give up the b pawn free of charge or chunk their a pawn down the board. But only a little harsh :)
When you're through "refuting" the Dragon, could you take a few moments to prove Fermat's last theorem and tell us the location of the Lost Dutchman gold mine?
Fermat's Last Theorem was proven before I was even born...
From one fellow Dragon player/fanatic to another... You are proving his point as both of those "impossible" examples have been done. So stop. The Dragon is my life. In a nutshell, I would smoke it if I could...
9/5/2015 - Ragozin - Bronstein, USSR Championship 1945, Modif
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