Amazing tournaments - Part I - 1938 Avro - Nederland

Amazing tournaments - Part I - 1938 Avro - Nederland

krstulov_alex
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In this article I want to show some intresting things from the amazing Avro tournament. The tournament was played in 1938 with 8 best players from the 1938 FIDE list! You can see the player's names:

Paul Keres

Reuben Fine

Salo Flohr

Mikhail Botvinnik

Max Euwe 

Samuel Reshevsky

Alexander Alekhine

Jose Raul Capablanca

The chess tournament was organised by the Dutch radio company AVRO (we can see it also in tournaments name). Many great games were, like Botvinnik - Capablanca or Botvinnik - Aliekhine...

The rounds are played at many different venues, not only for example in Amsterdam. The venues you can see here: 

RoundPlaceDate
1 Amsterdam Nov. 6
2 The Hague Nov. 8
3 Rotterdam Nov. 10
4 Groningen Nov. 12
5 Zwolle Nov. 13
6 Haarlem Nov. 14
7 Amsterdam Nov. 15
8 Utrecht Nov. 17
9 Arnhem Nov. 19
10 Breda Nov. 20
11 Rotterdam Nov. 22
12 The Hague Nov. 24
13 Leiden Nov. 25
14 Amsterdam Nov. 27

Botvinnik before this game, played a very nice game against Alexander Aliekhine,  the World Champion of this tournament.

After that two nice Botvinnik game, we can see a game from Reuben Fine against Salo Flohr, where White destroyed Black's king in a sharp French defence.

This tournament had 56 games, with 17 White wins, 32 draws and 7 Black wins. This breaks down to 59% for White and 41% for Black. As we can see, in ,,old'' times, having White was a nice advantage. In modern times, having White isn't a big advantage (except for Carslen, but he also wins with black).

After the 14 rounds (because the tournament was played with double round robin system) ended the tournament with nice games. You can see here the standings.

No.NameState12345678Total
1 Paul Keres  Estonia XX 1= == == 1= == 1= ==
2 Reuben Fine   United States 0= XX 1= 10 10 11 == 1=
3 Mikhail Botvinnik  Soviet Union == 0= XX =0 1= 1= =1 ==
4 Max Euwe  Netherlands == 01 =1 XX 0= 0= 01 1= 7
5 Samuel Reshevsky  United States 0= 01 0= 1= XX == == 1= 7
6 Alexander Aliekhine  France == 00 0= 1= == XX =1 =1 7
7 Jose Raul Capablanca  Cuba 0= == =0 10 == =0 XX =1 6
8 Salo Flohr Czechoslovakia == 0= == 0= 0= =0 =0 XX

The longest game was a 68-move win of Fine over Alekhine. The shortest game was a 19-move draw between Flohr and Fine.

That tournament was the all time (!) strongest tournament.The 8 strongest players on the FIDE rating list, in one tournament that's a record.

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This was the book of the 1938 Avro tournament (products in 2010).

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