12591 Players currently online!
Man vs. Machine - good luck!
Turn-based games at any time!
Vote for the best move to win!
Do you have what it takes?
Backgammon, Yatzy, and more!
Sharpen your tactical vision!
Get advice and game insights!
Learn from top players & pros!
View millions of master games!
Your virtual chess coach!
Perfect your opening moves!
Test your skills vs. computer!
Find the right private coach!
Can you solve it each day?
Bring it all together!
Beginners, start here!
Make friends & play team games!
News from the world of chess!
Search all Chess.com members!
Find local clubs & events!
Who's the best of your friends?
Read what members are saying!
Aaaaaaah here comes all of chess.com to Florida.....
...... blame it on nameno1had.
a certain woman... and sorry chess... but, the right woman would play with me and enjoy it too...
Money IS great but love has it's place!
when you say the indigenous cultures of america dr. frank are you meaning Indian history. Surely there is precious little of that, being that the Indians had no written language. I mentioned to a friend your field and he was convinced you are into indigent studies, the study of the poor? what a silly man. please explain.
I did not see Dr. Frank mention indigenous history. Perhaps you meant someone else. I address this question in my Pacific Northwest History class over the course of an hour or two. Here's a partial outline:
Traditional historiography constructs the story based on written documents
primary, secondary, tertiary
For a period of interaction between non-literate peoples and peoples with a text-based culture, the story will be slanted towards those with texts
European culture is rooted in texts
Indigenous Americans were non-literate
In non-literate cultures the spoken word is primary and fully adequate
non-literate means the culture is not print based; reading and writing are irrelevant
Do not confuse non-literate with illiterate: illiteracy is the absence of necessary reading and writing skills in a print culture
Sources of Native History
the stories, songs, legends, histories, tales, and the like that are communicated through voice; the collective record of a non-literate culture; a compound word derived from oral literature, but deemphasizing textual epistemology
A. Orature proper, or “true” orature
True orature cannot be presented in a classroom. It exists only within a community of people that defines itself through stories that are voiced, rather than a society constructed through texts
B. Orature artifacts, or records of orature
i. textual record
“The First Ship Seen by the Clatsop,” as told by Charles Cultee to Franz Boas, summer 1891, published 1894
Barbara S. Efrat and W.J. Langlois, eds., “The Contact Period as Recorded by Indian Oral Traditions,” Sound Heritage 7 (1978), 54-61.
ii. sound recording
Elizabeth Wilson’s “Walla Walla Poo Story,”
13 minute audio recording.
Walla Walla Poo Story
Record your observations from Wilson’s story concerning:
traditional religious beliefs/religious change
relationship to neighboring peoples
Sources . . .
Examples of documents
A. documents of exploration
i. journal of George Vancouver
exercise in historical interpretation:
ii. journals of Lewis and Clark
trade relations along lower Columbia
B. documents of trade
i. Alexander Ross, Adventures of the First Settlers on the Oregon or Columbia River
beginnings of ethnographic description: Ross’s chapters 28-31 are among the first written descriptions of the customs of the Okanogan Peoples
i. Alexander Ross, The Fur Traders of the Far West
ii. Edward Curtis’ photograph of Wishram woman
C. documents of missions
i. Pierre DeSmet, maps (e.g. map of territory)
ii. Nicolas Point, sketches
D. documents of non-Indian settlement
3. Material Culture
A. historical specimens
i. NW Coast architecture
cedar hat acquired by Lewis and Clark
link to Peabody Museum (Harvard)
B. archaeological specimens
i. The Ancient One?
link to NPS site (Kennewick Man is Native American)
i. notes on Vancouver’s enigmatic poles
Well, that's a bunch of boring stuff. When do we get to potlatch, teach'?
It's in there if you know where to look:
if u agree to buy it back for 50$ after giving me 100$
I would give up chess, video games, and all my friends if somebody would hire me for a job. I'm broke!!
I think the guy that is selling all the fake passports is hiring. He's always gone real soon after posting a thread about it, so I assume he's really busy.
lol true =)
by najdorf96 a few minutes ago
How to become more tactically aware as a beginner?
by Whip_Kitten a few minutes ago
Do I have the potential to be a GM one day??
by bunicula 5 minutes ago
Stream on twitch
by flaviorcb 7 minutes ago
IM Greg Shahade: "Slow Chess should die a fast death"!
by najdorf96 15 minutes ago
Sub 2000 Destroyed GM Dlugy
by jo_uno79 37 minutes ago
Set up book examples on a board?
by DarrellKY 44 minutes ago
I lost 3 games cuz I sucked today :(
by NimzoPatzer 50 minutes ago
Attacking and Aggressive Opening against d4 with Black.
by najdorf96 51 minutes ago
9/26/2016 - Up And Over
by chessrookstwo 52 minutes ago
Why Join | Chess Topics |
Help & Support |
© 2016 Chess.com
• Chess - English
Try the new Chess.com!
We are working hard to make Chess.com available in over 70 languages. Check back over the year as we develop the technology to add more, and we will try our best to notify you when your language is ready for translating!