Mastery: Master Games

World Champions at their Best (1)

World Champions at their Best (1)

This module is the first in a series that represent Silman's best work ever and which have the earmarks of becoming classics. This first module will cover the period from the first World Championship match in 1834 between La Bourdonnais and MacDonnell up to the Steinitz era in the 1880's.

  • Labourdonnais-McDonnell, London 1834

    Though no official World Championship title existed at this time, the Frenchman Labourdonnais (1797-1840) was universally accepted as the finest player in the world. When England's best player -- McDonnell (1798-1835) challenged this view, a classic set of six matches was arranged between the two, totaling 85 games in all! Labourdonnais' decisive victory in these matches (plus 18!) made the Frenchman a legend in his own time. He is a Rook down and his King also doesn't appear to be very comfortable. How did he save himself?

    • 10 challenges
  • Variation from Labourdonnais-McDonnell, London 1834

    White seems to be in trouble but an unexpected sacrifice takes advantage of the loose position of the Black King.

    • 5 challenges
  • McDonnell-Labourdonnais, London 1834

    In this game McDonnell played his favorite 2.f4 versus the Sicilian (later to be known as the 'Big Clamp'), a choice that cost him a lot of points. Here McDonnell achieved the big center that he so desperately wanted (after the moves 1.e4 c5 2.f4 Nc6 3.Nf3 e6 4.c3 d5 5.e5 f6 6.Na3 Nh6 7.Nc2 Qb6 8.d4 Bd7 9.Ne3 cxd4 10.cxd4 Bb4+ 11.Kf2 0-0 12.Kg3 Rac8 13.h4 fxe5 14.fxe5) but his King paid a price by being herded to a vulnerable square. Whose assessment of this position was proven correct?

    • 22 challenges
  • Variation from McDonnell-Labourdonnais, London 1834

    White has a few ways to draw this position (though all try to make use of a couple of basic rules) but one attempt leads to some tactical possibilities. It's this more active possibility that we are looking for.

    • 4 challenges
  • Saint-Amant-Staunton, Paris 1843

    From the 9th game of their 21 game match. The Englishman Staunton (1810-1874) decisively won this match against the Frenchman Saint-Amant (1800-1872) for bragging rights between England and France by the score of 13-8 (he had lost an earlier one against the same opponent by 3 1/2-2 1/2).

    • 4 challenges
  • Saint Amant-Staunton, Paris 1843

    Saint Amant (playing Black) slices and dices his mighty opponent. See if you can find the same forced win that played in the game.

    • 4 challenges
  • Horwitz-Staunton, London 1846

    Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German born artist who made his living teaching and playing chess. Horwitz played Staunton a 24 game match one year after he moved to England. It went badly for him; he ended up losing by the pathetic score of 15 1/2-8 1/2. The present game (the first moves were: 1.e4 c5 2.f4 e6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Be2 d6 5.0-0 Nge7 6.c4 Ng6 7.d3 Be7 8.Nc3 Bf6 9.Qe1 0-0 10.Be3 Bd4 11.Qd2 Nxf4 12.Bxd4 Nxe2+ 13.Nxe2 cxd4 14.Nexd4 Qb6 15.Qf2 Nb4 16.Ne1 Bd7 17.a3 Nc6), the second from the match, resulted in a smooth win for Horwitz. How did he punish Staunton for his lack of attention?

    • 12 challenges
  • Possible variation from Horwitz-Staunton, London 1846

    White is two pawns ahead and is obviously winning easily. How did White power his way to the full point?

    • 6 challenges
  • Harrwitz-Staunton, London 1846

    Born in Germany in 1823, Harrwitz (not to be confused with Horwitz!) was considered by Emanuel Lasker and many others to be the world's strongest player in the mid-1850s. This position (The first moves, after you remove Black's pawn on f7, were 1.e4 Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Bf5 4.Be3 e6 5.Nf3 Nge7 6.Bd3 Bxd3 7.Qxd3 Nb4 8.Qe2 Ng6 9.a3 Nc6 10.c4 Be7 11.cxd5 Qxd5 12.Nc3 Qb3 13.0-0 0-0 14.g3 Rad8 15.Rab1 a6 16.Rfd1 b5 17.Nd2 Qc2 18.Rdc1 Qf5 19.Nxb5 Ncxe5 20.dxe5 axb5 21.f4 Qd3 22.Qxd3 Rxd3 23.Nf1 Rc8 24.Rc6 Kf7 25.Rbc1 Bd8 26.Bc5 Ra8 27.Bb4 Ne7 28.Bxe7 Kxe7 29.Kf2 Ra4 30.Ke2 Rb3 31.R1c2 Re4+ 32.Kf2 Rd4 33.Nd2 Rbd3 34.Nf3 Rd5 35.g4 g6 36.Ke2 Kd7 37.Ra6 Rb3 38.Nd2 Rh3 39.Nf3 c5) comes from the 17th game of the match (Staunton gave pawn and move odds) and is clearly good for White who is a pawn up for nothing. How did White make the winning process look easy?

    • 7 challenges
  • Bird-Horwitz, London 1851

    The position under discussion (reached after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.d4 Nxd4 5.Nxd4 exd4 6.e5 Nd5 7.0-0 Bc5 8.c3 a6 9.Bc4 Nb6 10.Bb3 dxc3 11.Nxc3 0-0 12.Ne4 Qe7 13.Qh5 d6 14.Bg5 Qxe5 15.Rae1 Nd5 16.Nxc5 Nf6 17.Qh4 Qxc5 18.Bxf6 gxf6 19.Re3 Bf5 20.Qxf6 Bg6 21.Rg3 Qe5 22.Qh4 Qxb2 23.f4 Qd4+ 24.Kh1 Rae8 25.Qg5 Qf2 26.Rf3 Qd2) is from the second game of the first round match between Bird and Horwitz. This match went four games with Horwitz getting the victory by a slim 2 1/2 to 1 1/2.

    • 17 challenges
  • Staunton-Brodie, London 1851

    Brodie, trying his luck with the Black pieces, played Staunton in the first match and was knocked out of the tournament when he lost by 2-0. This is the first game of that mismatch (Brodie wasn't in Staunton's class; in fact, he wasn't even close!). The present game (the first moves were: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bb4+ 5.c3 dxc3 6.0-0 Qf6 7.e5 Qe7) is not an example of good chess because Black loses without a fight. However, it does illustrate just how weak some of these World Championship contenders really were! See if you can conduct the attack as well as Staunton did.

    • 8 challenges
  • Anderssen-Szen, London 1851

    Before this tournament (which was designed to show who the top dog of chess was, even though no official World Championship title existed), the German born Anderssen (1818-1879) was thought to be just one of many good players who could not aspire to the World's top one or two spots. Szen (1805-1857) was Hungary's first world-class master. How should White continue?

    • 12 challenges
  • Szen-Anderssen, London 1851

    The London tournament of 1851 was fated to be won by the great German, Adolf Anderssen. However, he had one bad moment when he found himself down by 2-1 against the Hungarian master Szen (1805-1857). Faced with elimination, Anderssen played an active opening in this, the fourth game of their match, and reached the position in question (after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 e6 4.Bc4 a6 5.a4 Nge7 6.Qe2 Ng6 7.d3 Be7 8.Be3 0-0 9.0-0 f5 10.exf5 Rxf5 11.Nb1 b6 12.c3 Bb7 13.Nbd2 Qc7 14.d4 Nf4 15.Qd1 Raf8 16.dxc5 bxc5 17.Bxf4 Qxf4 18.Re1). The Black pieces are clearly more dynamic then their White counterparts. How did Anderssen make use of this to turn the match around and blow his opponent off the board?

    • 13 challenges
  • A possible variation from Szen-Anderssen, London 1851

    Black has two very tempting ways to continue his attack. One method goes all out for an immediate knockout while the other (the move played in the actual game) pulls the trigger a move or two later. Can you see both possibilities and the variations that accompany them?

    • 7 challenges
  • Anderssen-Wyvill, London 1851

    London 1851 was the world's first international chess tournament. Though its winner, Anderssen, is known by most modern players, the eventual second place finisher is a mystery. The Englishman Wyvill (1815-1896) was a member of Parliament and took his work so seriously that he never competed in another tournament. The present position is from the seventh and final game of the Wyvill-Anderssen match (the beginning moves were 1.e4 c5 2.Bc4 e6 3.Nc3 a6 4.a4 Nc6 5.d3 g6 6.Nge2 Bg7 7.0-0 Nge7 8.f4 0-0 9.Bd2 d5 10.Bb3 Nd4 11.Nxd4 Bxd4+ 12.Kh1 Bd7 13.exd5 Bxc3 14.Bxc3 exd5 15.Bf6 Be6). The Bishop on f6 makes the Black King very uncomfortable. How can White take full advantage of this situation?

    • 5 challenges
  • Williams-Staunton, London 1851

    Staunton (1810-1874) had dominated world chess since the deaths of Labourdonnais (died 1840) and McDonnell (died 1835). When the first international chess tournament was held in London in 1851, Staunton hoped to win decisively and cement his position as leader of the pack. Unfortunately for Staunton, he ended up in fourth place, losing badly to Anderssen by 4-1 and then going down in the final match to his countryman Elijah Williams (1809- 1854) by 4 1/2-3 1/2. This is the first game from the final round of the tournament. The winner of the match would come in third place while the loser would get fourth. With two extra pawns one would think that White should win. However, the battery of Black Bishop and Queen down the a8-h1 diagonal and the fact that the White Queen is under attack by a Black Rook would make many players quite nervous. How did Williams handle the problems of this position?

    • 5 challenges
  • Morphy-Lowenthal, London 1858

    The Hungarian born Lowenthal (1810-1876) was one of the finest players in the world at the time of this game (he was perhaps the greatest opening expert of his time). As good as Lowenthal was, he didn't stand a chance against a genius like Morphy (1837-1884). The great American won this match 10-4. How did Morphy take maximum advantage of his lead in development?

    • 11 challenges
  • Harrwitz-Morphy, Paris 1858

    Harrwitz (1823-1884) was perhaps the world's strongest player in the mid-1850's and, at the time of this match, was the resident chess professional at the legendary Cafe De La Regence. After losing the first two games due to illness (which made Harrwitz heap scorn upon his opponent), Morphy reeled off four straight wins, drew a game, and then won another. How did Harrwitz finish off his illustrious opponent?

    • 13 challenges
  • Morphy-Harrwitz, Paris 1858

    Morphy figured out that his opponent didn't just attack like most people of his day did. Instead, Harrwitz played sensible positional chess and showed quite a bit of skill in the endgame. Once Morphy saw what he was up against, he settled down and began to outplay Harrwitz in the German's own style. This example is the only one in which Paul was able to demonstrate his famous attacking powers. How would you continue White's initiative on the kingside?

    • 6 challenges
  • Anderssen-Morphy, Paris 1858

    In 1858, Anderssen, the German professor of mathematics was considered to be the world's best player. It was natural, then, that a match against the incredible American prodigy, Paul Morphy, was arranged. Morphy wiped his opponent out by 8-3. Famous for his poor starts, Morphy began this match with a loss. In this, the second game (which began 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 Bc5 6.c3 b5 7.Bc2 d5 8.exd5 Nxd5 9.h3 0-0 10.0-0 h6 11.d4 exd4 12.cxd4 Bb6 13.Nc3 Ndb4 14.Bb1 Be6 15.a3 Nd5 16.Ne2 Nf6 17.Be3 Re8 18.Ng3 Bc4 19.Nf5 Bxf1 20.Qxf1 Ne7 21.N3h4 Nxf5 22.Nxf5 Qd7), he was out for revenge and won the Exchange. Unfortunately for the American, Anderssen didn't want to die and he built up a dangerous attacking position. How did Anderssen continue this attack?

    • 16 challenges
  • Morphy-Anderssen, Paris 1858

    In beating Anderssen 8-3, Morphy showed that he was by far the strongest player the world had ever seen. 'Experts' even went as far as saying that Morphy would have beaten Labourdonnais, a statement that would have been considered blasphemous a few months earlier. The present game (The first moves were 1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Nxd4 e6 5.Nb5 d6 6.Bf4 e5 7.Be3 f5 8.N1c3 f4) is the 9th of the match. Though it's still the opening, Black has played very strangely. How did Morphy humiliate his venerable opponent?

    • 14 challenges
  • Mongredien-Morphy, Paris 1859

    Morphy's final match before returning to the U.S. and giving up serious chess was against an Englishman named Mongredien (1807-88). This is a match that should never have been played simply because Mongredien was not close to Morphy's class (as proved by the final score of 7 1/2-1/2). Mongredien has played an unsound gambit and has fallen behind in development (not to mention that he is also a pawn behind). How did Morphy make use of his advantage? This game shows us what happens when a great player crosses swords with a mediocre one.

    • 14 challenges
  • Kolisch-Anderssen, London 1861

    Kolisch (1837-1889) was one of the finest players in the world in the early to late 1860's. He won matches over Harrwitz, Horwitz, Barnes and Rosenthal. and drew a match against Anderssen (five wins, five losses and one draw.) before losing the present match by a close five to four. The present game (the first moves were 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Bd3 Nc6 6.Be3 d5 7.exd5 exd5 8.0-0 Bd6 9.h3 h6 10.Nc3 0-0 11.Qd2 Re8 12.Rad1 Bc7 13.Rfe1 Qd6 14.Nf3 a6) was the fifth in the 1861 Kolisch-Anderssen match. Black has active pieces and appears to have a reasonable position. However, Kolisch demonstrates that all is not as clear as one might suspect.

    • 11 challenges
  • Deacon-Anderssen, London 1862

    This great international tournament was held in London in 1862 and, like the one in 1851, it was won by Anderssen in dominating fashion. Anderssen was at his peak now and was clearly the strongest player on earth (with the exception of Morphy, who no longer competed). In the present game (which began: 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Bc5 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6 6.d3 Bg4 7.Be3 a6 8.Nd5 Ba7 9.Bxa7 Rxa7 10.Ne3 Bh5 11.Nf5 0-0 12.c3 Ra8 13.Kh1 d5 14.exd5 Nxd5 15.Rg1 Nf4 16.Qd2 Qf6 17.N3h4 b5 18.g4 Bg6 19.Bb3 Bxf5 20.Nxf5 Rad8 21.Rg3 h5 22.Qe3 h4 23.Rf3 g6 24.d4 g5 25.Qe4 Rfe8 26.d5 Ne7 27.Ne3 c6 28.Rd1 cxd5 29.Nxd5 Nexd5 30.Bxd5) Black has a clear positional advantage. How can he make further gains?

    • 11 challenges
  • Possible variation from Deacon-Anderssen, London 1862

    The main problem studied the continuation of Deacon-Anderssen, London 1862. Black could have tried ...Qc6, though, taking advantage of the pins along the a8-h1 diagonal and the d8-d1 file. How could White have defended against this?

    • 3 challenges
  • Hannah-Anderssen, London 1862

    By winning the London 1862 tournament, Anderssen quieted his detractors and showed that he was not only still the best player in the world (with the exception of Morphy), but that he had actually improved. His opponent, Hannah (1826-1863), did amazingly well versus the bottom half of the tournament (6-0!) but his score versus the better players (1-6) placed him in the middle of the pack.

    • 9 challenges
  • Mongredien-Anderssen, London 1862

    Mongredien (1807-1888) was not a very strong player, as demonstrated by his match against Morphy (the legendary American crushed him 7 1/2-1/2). He played up to expectation in this London tournament also, getting only three points out of a possible thirteen. Mondgredien (playing White) appears to have the advantage against Anderssen (who won this event with a 12-1 score). How did Anderssen save this game?

    • 11 challenges
  • Green-Lowenthal, London 1862

    Lowenthal (1810-1876) was one of the best players in the world in the 1850's Green (1831-1877), on the other hand, was perhaps the weakest player in the tournament and not close to being in Lowenthal's class. His last place finish ,with just two points out of a possible thirteen, was about as good a result as he could have hoped for. How did Black hold on to the full point?

    • 5 challenges
  • Anderssen-Paulsen, London 1862

    As soon as the great London tournament of 1862 ended, the first (Anderssen) and second (Paulsen) place finishers played a match to see who the world's best player really was. Though the match was originally going to be given to the first player to score five wins, personal problems forced both players to return to their homes and the match was declared drawn with each side scoring three wins (two games were drawn). Anderssen has built up a huge positional advantage. How can he tighten the screws on the enemy position?

    • 11 challenges
  • Steinitz-Anderssen, London 1866

    Born in Prague, Steinitz played in his first International tournament in London 1862. His match against Anderssen signified a changing of the guard with the older Anderssen losing a close contest to the young new star by a score of 8-6. The present game (the first moves were 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 Nh6 7.d4 d6 8.Nd3 f3 9.g3 Qh3+ 10.Ke1 Qh5 11.Nc3 c6 12.Bd2 Qg6 13.Nf4 Qf6 14.Be3 Nd7 15.Kf2 Ng8) was the second of the match and shows Steinitz at his attacking best. How would you play the White position?

    • 23 challenges
  • Anderssen-Steinitz, London 1866

    When Steinitz won a match over an aging Anderssen by 8-6,Though Anderssen was reaching the end of his career, it must be said that Steinitz was just at the beginning of his and was nowhere near his prime either. At his best, Steinitz was a better player than Anderssen ever was. Material is even and one might think that the game will be drawn. However, the truth is that White is completely lost! How was Steinitz able to demonstrate this?

    • 27 challenges
  • Steinitz-Bird, London 1866

    The English born Bird (1830-1908) was an accountant by trade but more or less lived to play chess. A month after beating Anderssen in a fourteen game match, Steinitz played Bird a match consisting of seventeen games. He won by 9 1/2-7 1/2 and further consolidated his reputation as the world's premiere player. The present position (which arrived after 1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nc6 5.Nf3 f5 6.Nc3 Nf6 7.Bc4 Bb4 8.0-0 Bxc3 9.bxc3 0-0 10.Ne5 Na5 11.Bb3 b6 12.Re1 Nxb3 13.axb3 Bb7 14.Nd3 Ne4 15.Bb2 Qh4 16.f3 Ng5 17.Qe2 Rf6 18.Qf2) is from the fifth game of the match. How should Black answer this threat to his Queen?

    • 4 challenges
  • Zukertort-Steinitz, London 1872

    Wilhelm Steinitz (1836-1900) enjoyed a long reign as world champion and his writings had a profound influence on the game. The German born Zukertort (1842- 1888) was a student of Anderssen's. Zukertort was doomed to live in Steinitz's shadow. He challenged Steinitz to two matches, he raved each time about what a superior player he was, and both times he was beaten like a dog. Zukertort had been doing well but then he suddenly tossed his Knight to e5. Was this wise? How did Steinitz defend against the threats?

    • 13 challenges
  • Steinitz-Zukertort, London 1872

    Steinitz won this first match with Zukertort by an overwhelming 9-3. When you consider that Zukertort was probably the third best player in the world at the time (Anderssen was second), this result becomes quite astounding! How did Steinitz finish his opponent off?

    • 11 challenges
  • Steinitz-Blackburne, London 1876

    By 1873 Steinitz's style had gone through an amazing transformation. He could still attack of course, but now he played with his pawns more; strove for space; took his time and was quite happy to nurse small advantages. Blackburne was never a good match player, as shown by his unfortunate result in his 1876 match against Steinitz. While there was no doubt about Steinitz's vast superiority, the final result of 7-0 was a bit much! The position in this problem (the first moves were 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 d6 6.c3 Be7 7.h3 0-0 8.Qe2 Ne8 9.g4 b5 10.Bc2 Bb7 11.Nbd2 Qd7 12.Nf1 Nd8 13.Ne3 Ne6 14.Nf5 g6 15.Nxe7+ Qxe7 16.Be3 N8g7 17.0-0-0 c5 18.d4 exd4 19.cxd4 c4 20.d5 Nc7 21.Qd2 a5 22.Bd4 f6 23.Qh6 b4 24.g5 f5 25.Bf6 Qf7) is from the first game of this match. White has a huge superiority. How can you lower the boom on the Black game?

    • 9 challenges
  • Zukertort-Steinitz, New York 1886

    Steinitz and Zukertort played the first World Championship match in New York, St. Louis and New Orleans in 1886. The anti-Steinitz group was doomed to a huge disappointment; Steinitz once again showed that he was a dominant force by winning with ten wins to just five losses (there were also five draws tossed in). In the present position (the first moves were 1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.e3 Bf5 4.Nc3 e6 5.Nf3 Nd7 6.a3 Bd6 7.c5 Bc7 8.b4 e5 9.Be2 Ngf6 10.Bb2 e4 11.Nd2 h5 12.h3 Nf8 13.a4 Ng6 14.b5), taken from the first game of the match, Black has built up chances on the kingside while White has been seeking gains on the opposite wing. How did Black pursue his kingside play?

    • 24 challenges
  • Zukertort-Steinitz, New Orleans 1886

    The first official World Championship Match was a tense, hard fought affair. Played in New York, St. Louis and New Orleans, it took almost ten weeks to complete. In the present game (the first moves were 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.0-0 Nxe4 5.Re1 Nd6 6.Nxe5 Be7 7.Bd3 0-0 8.Nc3 Nxe5 9.Rxe5 c6 10.b3 Re8 11.Ba3 Bf8 12.Re3 Rxe3 13.fxe3), the tenth of the match, White appears to have better chances due to his lead in development and active minor pieces. What did Black do about this?

    • 8 challenges
  • Steinitz-Zukertort, New Orleans 1886

    When the fifty year old Steinitz wiped the forty-four year old Zukertort off the board in the first official match for the World Championship (he won with a ten to five victory; there were also five draws), it marked the longest period of domination in chess history. Steinitz now loved quiet positions with intricate pawn structures. He could attack, of course, but he was also very happy eating a pawn or two and holding on while his opponent exhausted his illusory attack with useless checks.

    • 18 challenges
  • Possible variation from Steinitz-Zukertort, New Orleans 1886

    This is a possible variation from the game Steinitz-Zukertort, New Orleans 1886. It shows the balance between static advantages and dynamic advantages.

    • 4 challenges
  • Steinitz-Chigorin, Havana 1889

    Steinitz was now the official Champion of the World and the Americans were proud of him. Why? Because he had moved to the US in 1883 and eventually gained American citizenship. The Russian born Chigorin (1850-1908) was one of the world's best players from the mid- 1880's right up to the beginning of the 20th century. A brilliant tactician, Chigorin didn't really believe in most of the positional theories of Steinitz but he did have faith in the defensive strength of a solid central position. How did Steinitz push home his advantage?

    • 12 challenges
  • Gunsberg-Steinitz, New York 1890

    Gunsberg (1854-1930) was born in Budapest but made his home in London. After turning pro at the age of 25, he had fair results in tournaments but never did anything too spectacular. A match between Chigorin and Gunsberg was organized to determine Steinitz's next opponent. This match was drawn (nine wins, nine losses, five draws) and Steinitz decided to accept a match challenge from Gunsberg. This match was closer than it should have been; Steinitz's powers appeared to be fading somewhat. In the end the champion prevailed by 10 1/2- 8 1/2 , but the cracks in his armor were noticed by the competition.

    • 12 challenges
  • Chigorin-Steinitz, Havana 1892

    In this example (the first moves were 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.0-0 d6 7.d4 Bg4 8.Bb5 exd4 9.cxd4 Bd7 10.Bb2 Nce7 11.Bxd7+ Qxd7 12.Na3 Nh6 13.Nc4 Bb6 14.a4 c6 15.e5 d5 16.Nd6+ Kf8 17.Ba3 Kg8 18.Rb1 Nhf5), the 1st game in the second Steinitz-Chigorin match, White has sacrificed a pawn in the opening and has certain pressure on the Black position. How can he turn this into a full-fledged attack?

    • 14 challenges
  • Steinitz-Chigorin, Havana 1892

    After losing to Steinitz in 1889, Chigorin made one more try at the title. This match was a very close contest. In fact, Chigorin was leading most of the way and the score was completely even after 21 games. The final two games of the match, though, went to Steinitz and he retained his title by dint of his wonderful constitution and inner strength.

    • 6 challenges
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