Leaked Contract Between Kasparov and Leong: Transparency vs. Ethics

  • PeterDoggers
  • on 1/25/14, 2:53 AM.

Earlier this week a draft of a contract between Garry Kasparov and Ignatius Leong was leaked to chess media which raises ethical questions but also calls for more transparency in chess politics. Kasparov and Leong made a deal in August 2013 for the Asian region: Leong would help getting Kasparov "10+1" votes in return for large sums of money. Meanwhile, the Kasparov team has put the final version of the contract on its campaign website, stressing the importance of transparency.

Exactly one week ago an email from a "Bill Warth" was sent to several chess journalists which had "THE HUGE DEAL BETWEEN KASPAROV AND LEONG" in the subject field. Attached was a PDF document (for download here) which seemed to be a contract between Kasparov and Leong:

Through this Agreement the Parties join together in order to achieve their goal of having a real change in FIDE and the Chess World. “GK has declared his intention to run for the office of FIDE President and IL has agreed to take the position as General Secretary in the Kasparov Team. IL shall assist GK and his team at all possible levels in the preparation, planning and execution of the election campaign.”

Here are key points of the agreement:

  • IL will actively work in the election campaign in close cooperation with GK and his team. He will be responsible for delivering 10 + 1 vote from his region, with the effort to deliver 15 votes (not counting China).
  • IL will receive a total amount of $ 500 000 to be paid in agreed tranches between the signing of this Agreement and 1 month before the opening of the FIDE General Assembly in August 2014.
  • After the election of GK as FIDE President and IL as FIDE General Secretary in August 2014, FIDE will establish a new FIDE office in Singapore headed by IL. The main function of this office will be to administer and overlook all the FIDE Commissions and their work. For this work IL shall receive an agreed upon stipend.
  • GK has agreed to open an Academy in Singapore (Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia) in cooperation with ACA. The anticipated opening will take place in November 2013. ACA will organize this event and secure 5 + 1 endorsements (signed proxies) for GKs candidacy for FIDE Presidency.
  • The Parties have agreed to sign a separate agreement between KCF Asia and ACA. As part of this Agreement, KCF Asia will allocate $ 250 000 for each of the four (4) years commencing in 2013. KCF Asia will allocate these funds in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. The first instalment, in the amount of $250 000, will be made by November 10, 2013. The second instalment, in the amount of $250 000, will occur by July 10, 2014.
  • Installments for 2015 and 2016 will be agreed upon at a later date by the Parties and are contingent upon the outcome of the 2014 FIDE elections. Should GK not be elected President of FIDE in the 2014 elections, KCF Asia is under no obligation to allocate funds to ACA for the years of 2015 and 2016, and may not be held liable for any unallocated funds for the 2015 and 2016 years.

The body of the email of this Mr Warth (who did not reply to an email) summarizes the contract, and strongly criticized the deal between Kasparov and Leong: “The national federations become a merchandise...”, “it is clear that Ignatius Leong is shamelessly using a shareholders for-profit company (ACA) to profit from an election deal within FIDE.”, “It is shameful that people from national chess federations of Asia are traded for hundreds thousands of dollars by Ignatius Leong and Garry Kasparov.”

Andrew Paulson
Interestingly, a day later the same email and PDF document was also sent to chess journalists by Andrew Paulson, the new President of the English Chess Federation and owner of AGON, which still holds the rights to organize FIDE events. Paulson, who has expressed interest in running for FIDE President himself but hasn't announced anything officially, commented:

“It has been rumoured that this document was going to be released for some time and it has finally today found its way to the internet. I don't know the exact provenance other than it is supposedly the work of Morton Sand (we'll see in the coming days if this is disputed) of the Norwegian Chess Federation who is the legal advisor to Garry Kasparov's FIDE Presidential Campaign. The overheated English prose of the commentator (in green) summarizes how much Kasparov will pay Ignatius Leong for delivering votes of the federations in his region into Kasparov's camp. In the past, one can assume that Leong did exactly the same thing for Kirsan; now Kasparov outbid Kirsan and bought him away. The compensation is a blend of guaranteed fees and success fees. It is important to note that although this document is not signed, the precondition for the terms outlined (Leong's defection to Kasparov's camp) was effected in the weeks immediately following its drafting. This document is only shocking for those who thought that Garry was in some way better than Kirsan ... and for those who feel that using the Kasparov Chess Foundation as a paying agent for buying votes is improper.”

Contract leaked
The Kasparov team initially refrained to comment, but on Monday the Norwegian lawyer Morten Sand, who is also part of the organizing committee of the Tromsø Olympiad, came with a statement (in Word here). Sand, who was the one who had drafted the contract, started by suggesting that the contract was leaked by someone who had access to Ignatius Leong's email account:

“I was asked to draft an Agreement between Garry and Ignatius based on information given to me regarding their future cooperation. On the opening day of the 2013 FIDE World Cup in Tromsø [10 August 2013 - PD], Ignatius and I understood that high FIDE officials possibly had access to the draft Agreement now circulated. I sent it to Ignatius in July, using his FIDE email account. The only way to get possession of this draft is through the administrator of the mail account in FIDE. There can only be political reasons for why this is now made public in such a way.”

On Thursday an ‘announcement’ appeared on the FIDE website written by FIDE Executive Director Nigel Freeman, which addresses this issue:

“After the article of the New York Times, concerning ethical questions regarding the contract between Gary Kasparov and Ignatius Leong, it came to our attention a statement by Morten Sand, the lawyer assisting Garry Kasparov's campaign, that a leaked contract between Gary Kasparov and Ignatius Leong was possible "through the administrator of the mail account in FIDE".

The above statement of Morten Sand is entirely false.

It is obvious that there is an attempt to drive the discussion away from the substance of this issue, i.e. whether such contracts are ethical or not. For the leaking of confidential documents, Garry Kasparov's team should perhaps look amongst themselves.”

On Twitter Mig Greengard, spokesperson for Garry Kasparov, reacted to this statement:


Ilyumzhinov: Ignatius, please resign
Meanwhile, FIDE President Kirsan Ilymuzhinov also came with a statement on the FIDE website on Thursday. Mentioning a report by the New York Times posted on Tuesday about the leaked contract, Ilyumzhinov asks Leong to resign:

“After the recent article of New York Times concerning your contract with Garry Kasparov, and the fact that Morten Sand has confirmed its authenticity, there is a serious ethical issue for FIDE and your position as General Secretary, which is damaging the image of our organisation.

In order to avoid further damage, I am asking you to resign from the position of FIDE General Secretary.”

Ilyumzhinov still supported Leong in Tallinn, Estonia at the Executive Board meeting in October 2013. A day after Kasparov announced his team, a number of FIDE Board Members asked for Leong's resignation, but back then Ilyumzhinov didn't see a reason why he couldn't continue working for him.

No personal money
Back to Morten Sand's statement of Monday, which also emphasized that there was no personal money involved:

“The final version of the Agreement was later signed on September 5th. By the time of the signing, the Parties had agreed that all financial support was given with the explicit purpose of chess development and programs. No money was going to individuals. On October 31st  the Kasparov Chess Foundation (KCF) made an Agreement with the Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia Pacific (KCFAP), listing how and for what purpose any transferred money could distributed and spent.

By examining these documents, it is clear that no money can or will be allocated to individuals for personal use.” [Bold by Sand - PD]

Documents published
Six days after the draft was leaked, the Kasparov team posted the final version (here in PDFon its campaign website along with a separate document (here in PDF) that describes an agreement between the Kasparov Chess Foundation and the newly founded Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia Pacific to grant $500,000 for “promoting and encouraging the study and play of chess in East Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Region, as a means of intellectual development.”

There are some differences between the leaked (stolen?) draft and the final contract between Kasparov and Leong. The latter's responsibility to “deliver” 10+1 votes from his region is still there, but the following sentence was added:

“Support from each of these above mentioned federations must materialize in the form of a written and signed statement and/or irrevocable Proxy, before the last tranche of payment takes place.”

The final contract still mentions that “IL will receive a total amount of $ 500 000 to be paid in agreed tranches between the signing of this Agreement and 1 month before the opening of the FIDE General Assembly in August 2014” but adds “as described in 4.1”, which makes it clear that the amount is not intended for Leong personally, but that it entails the agreement between the Kasparov Chess Foundation and the newly founded Kasparov Chess Foundation Asia Pacific.

The final contract also includes:

“If IL has the opportunity to deliver more federations in addition to the agreed 15, on terms as stated above, the Parties will negotiate the financial terms separately and in good faith.”

Asked why it took six days to come with the original contract, Mig Greengard sent this statement:

A campaign and, more specifically, a non-profit organization like KCF, has responsibility to its board, donors, and the signatory organizations. That is, before you make public an agreement presumed private you must notify the relevant parties on both sides. This isn’t only a courtesy, it’s an obligation, both ethical and in some places, legal.

As for rushing out a documents and statements by Morten or Garry or anyone this week, the campaign isn’t going to disrupt its many activities to meet every slander and trick from Ilyumzhinov’s gang or we’d never get anything done. We’ve seen all this garbage before, 19 years of it to be exact. The Kasparov Team wants to promote chess, promote the campaign, and stick to our positive agenda of bringing sponsorship and reform to the chess world. Spending our time responding to hysterical accusations is exactly what Kirsan’s gang hopes we for. We will continue to speak directly with the federations and answer any questions they may have, of course.

We know the old saying, “never wrestle with a pig because you both get dirty and the pig enjoys it.” It’s time to get out of the mud and organize and unite to bring new ideas, new players, and new revenue into chess. It’s time to stop taking from the federations and start listening to them and helping them. If Ilyumzhinov’s FIDE spent half the time it spends on these games to stay in power on promoting chess instead, FIDE and the chess world wouldn’t be in such a mess.

By posting the contracts online, the Kasparov team advocates transparency. The accompanying text on the campaign website, by Morten Sand, reads: 

“This is an historic day, as for the first time in 20 years of FIDE elections a campaign team is following the principle of transparency by making public two contracts.”

Nonetheless, for many the deal between Kasparov and Leong will raise ethical concerns. At a press conference in Wijk aan Zee, Kasparov will answer questions today.

Meanwhile, it's not easy to learn more about Kirsan Ilyumzhinov's campaign budget and funds. Nigel Freeman, who is both FIDE's Executive Director Treasurer, said he is “not involved in the campaign”. Berik Balgabaev, who is Ilyumzhinov's personal assistant, did not respond to inquiries.

16321 reads 47 comments
5 votes


  • 3 years ago


    Anybody thought about the fact that Kirsan is doing the same thing for sure? How do you believe these things work? Kirsan's on the spot for twenty years, because it is his destiny? Karpov calls Kasparov a dictator? Hum... a guy twenty years reigning over a powerful institution like FIDE, smells like a dictatorship for sure, so Kasparov has to be... oh... it ain't Kasparov, it's Kirsan! OMG! But, he's there due to his karma, I am sure of that! Kasparov's the devil! It says so in the media, so it has to be true! 

  • 3 years ago


    "But do you love Kirsan as a politician? :-)"

    Kirsan is much more balanced in that role, because that is his life to be there. He is very successful so far in satisfying all the powers around.

  • 3 years ago


    There is an ethical problem. Paying money for votes in an election and even giving things in kind for votes in an election is illegal in most fair elections. This includes paying individuals, who are current officials of an organization like Fide, money to deliver votes in a Fide election

  • 3 years ago


    He should be a great president

  • 3 years ago


    Kasparov was a very active supporter of Karpov when the latter tried to win the latest elections. This time it's Kasparov's turn to try, but Karpov is less supportive, according to Russian media he calls Kasparov "a dictator". Chessnews.ru had a poll for the readers and the votes were distributed rather evenly between Kirsan and Kasparov.

  • 3 years ago


    As far as I am concerned - Kirsan has been sitting at his post for 20 years now and he gave us the knockout World Championships, his journey with the alien spaceship, the changing rules of ongoing World Championship qualifications and many other things. Khadaffi, Saddam, al-Assad and the likes have been his friends, and his aim is probably to sit at least another 20 years on his position.

    There are of course many reasons to be critical also of Kasparov, but contrary to Kirsan he has never advocated knockout World Championships or travelled with aliens, and he is a legendary chess player that knows a thing or two about the game.

    The main thing shouldn't just be if FIDE hacked Leong's account to publish the draft, or to what extent both sides are using more or less veiled bribery to get votes. The main thing should be if FIDE should be a democratic organisation where the leadership can change through elections, and that I think it stopped being long ago. Kirsan will probably win this election as easily as all the previous ones, and in the long run I doubt this is good for chess.

  • 3 years ago


    Kasparov I will vote for you, for just 45000$ instead of the 50000$ you promised to the others! :-) It is a January sale, take advantage of it!

    P.S. I can accept also euros, and all major credit cards

  • 3 years ago


  • 3 years ago


    "I was always saying - I love Kasparov as a chessplayer... But God save us from Kasparov-politician"

    But do you love Kirsan as a politician? :-)

  • 3 years ago



  • 3 years ago


    Kasparov's team had to go for deals like that because that's how Ilyumzhinov has been getting re-elected term after term. After two failed attempts of trying to play a fair game, keeping things democratic, they've realised that it is impossible to be the good guy amongst hyenas. You have to show some teeth in the campaign, and only after being elected show your good will. After all, the only thing that does matter is the work that the elected president will do, not the process of the election. In Kasparov's case I am sure that everything will be only for the good of chess in a very democratic way. The sad thing is that, like in politics, here too people pay a lot more attention to an individual's moral characteristics rather than his ideas about the job that needs to be done.

  • 3 years ago


    At least Kasparov is one of the greatest players of all times, if not the greatest. If somebody should be given a chance to rule FIDE, I think that is Kasparov. If he does a mess out of it, next time you vote another guy, that is why elections exist.

  • 3 years ago


    Ilymuzhinov calling out someone on ethics is pretty funny.


  • 3 years ago


    I was always saying - I love Kasparov as a chessplayer...

    But God save us from Kasparov-politician.

  • 3 years ago


    So Kasparov is going to get election support and in return pay a million dollars in the future through KCA. No doubt Gary was planning to give/steal the money from FIDE to KCA to do this once he gets in power.

    Well that is dirty...its called pay back in politics.

    Imagine if the president paid off his supporters with positons, money, contracts and opportunities, nights in the lincoln bedroom ect.. ect...Wait....OMG 

  • 3 years ago


    I like Kirsan's comment about Leong damaging the reputation/image of FIDE.  Well if anyone would recognize what would damage FIDE's reputation, it's Kirsan!

  • 3 years ago


    I don't know what everybody is so up in arms about. Comparing Kasparov to Putin? Please!! That's the biggest joke I've ever heard. I have met Kasparov (see my avatar picture), he is a nice guy. He spok at length about changing the world and Chess. The contract is simply allocating funds for the program, in exchange for help from that area in terms of votes. You need agreements like this, or else people do shady stuff like just taking the money for personal gain. They stated that the money will not be for an individual, but for the new KCFA. 

    You guys need to calm down.

  • 3 years ago


    I knew Kasparov was fishy :)

  • 3 years ago


    Putin politics by Kasparov (Mr. Anything-to-Win). Take a look at his life; this shouldn't surprise anyone.

  • 3 years ago


    Humanity never stops dissapointing.

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