Ustalık: Strateji

Pawn Play

Pawn Play Team Tarafından

Pawn play is a vast subject. In this course we're going to cover its most typical - and some atypical - aspects. Some puzzles will focus on tactics, others on strategy. A few of the ideas covered: Strong and weak pawns; the overall pawn structure; understanding how the characteristic pawn formations of various openings determines the middlegame plan; the fight for the center; pawns attacking and defending the King; advanced passed pawns, etc. etc.

  • Dangerous "Free" Pawns

    Whenever an unblocked pawn can advance, especially with a direct attack on an enemy piece, the possibility should always be carefully considered. A closer look might reveal dangerous tactics hidden beneath the surface, even if the move initially looks...

    • 7 meydan okuma
  • Pawn Skirmishes in the Center

    Both players employ a classical approach to win control of the center: they each rush their e- and d-pawns into hand-to-hand combat. Since White has an extra move, White's able to set the tone, but this opening - the Giuocco Piano -has long been known...

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • E-file Blitzkreig Against the Uncastled King

    Gaining control of the center is the fundamental opening goal, but other aims are also important. If you can mobilize your pieces faster than your opponent, for example, you may be able to go straight for the King - if you can force open lines of attack....

    • 6 meydan okuma
  • Opening Passers

    Passed pawns in the opening are rarer than hens' teeth. And even if you could get one, with so many pieces and pawns still on the board, the chances of making it to the 8th rank and queening are somewhere between slim and none. And yet...

    • 5 meydan okuma
  • The Mobile Pawn Center

    An ideal opening goal that's not easy to attain is creating a mobile pawn center with d- and e-pawns that are unchallenged and unblocked by opposing pawns. It can emerge out of games beginning with either 1.e4 or 1.d4. This lesson offers some insight...

    • 3 meydan okuma
  • The King's Pawn Shield

    When both players use "classical" strategy to fight for the center, using the d- and e-pawns to open the way for the Queen and Bishops and to annex important territory, the center pawns often require the support of the c- or f-pawns. When the latter is...

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • Bagging a Bishop

    Pawns perform all sorts of roles: Attacking, defending, blocking, controlling the center, promoting, and so on. Encircling is less common. Here's an unusual example.

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • Pawn Support for Outposts

    Knights, much more than other pieces, thrive on advanced protected outposts. Without adequate pawn support they are likely to be driven back or harmlessly exchanged.

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • A "Keeper"? Pawn Structure Often Decides

    Pawn play is sometimes mainly about the pawns themselves - are they strong or weak, how should the structure be altered, etc. - but often it's about their interaction with the pieces as well.

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • The World's Biggest Pawn Chain

    This lesson, based on a game of the great Capablanca, is rich in features typical of pawn play: Chains, attacking the base, opening a file, establishing an advanced outpost, etc.

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • Middlegame Passers

    Passed pawns in the middlegame can cut the opponent's forces in two, threaten to queen, or assist in mating attacks. The last two ideas are illustrated here.

    • 5 meydan okuma
  • Middlegame Majorities

    When two distinct healthy pawn majorities arise, the right plan is often just to push the pawns after adequate preparation. The one who sets things in motion first usually has the advantage.

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • The Isolated Queen Pawn

    The side with the IQP mainly strives for a decision in the middlegame; the defender usually heads for the endgame by trading pieces, making it easier to exploit the inherent weakness of the IQP. So make sure you don't mind playing an endgame if you're...

    • 4 meydan okuma
  • Restraining Enemy Pawns

    This lesson focuses on 'pint-sized prevention', the hindering of the opposition's schemes for pawn expansion by fighting fire with fire.

    • 5 meydan okuma
  • Crippled Majority

    One of the many little-used opening lines Bobby Fischer rehabilitated with great success was the Exchange variation of the Ruy Lopez. Black almost always retakes on 'c6' with his d-pawn after White captures the N, so that his Bishops will have more scope....

    • 6 meydan okuma
  • A Tough Decision

    Deciding which pawn structure to take on, when whatever you do looks unattractive, is not easy. Here the great Fischer shows the correct path when on the defensive.

    • 5 meydan okuma
  • Hunter or Prey?

    Black tries a pawn 'whip' on an audacious Bishop, but will his attempt to hunt it down backfire?

    • 3 meydan okuma
  • Two Passers for a Piece

    Under normal circumstances a pawn is the unit of exchange, with a value of one point. But voluntarily giving up a piece for two pawns, or giving up the 'exchange' for one pawn, is not unusual. There are, in fact, a number of different ways to give up...

    • 3 meydan okuma
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