# ENDGAME TUTORIAL : PART ONE B - PAWN ENDGAMES

In this part we will see another aspect of opposition, using it to Queen a pawn.

This concept plays a crucial part in deciding whether or not a king and pawn can defeat an enemy king if it opposing the pawn. Here there are 2 exceptions where even if you have the opposition advantage, you can only stalemate the king, those are when the pawns are either a-pawn or h-pawn.

Example 1:

we shall consider the postion, with white to move and then black to move and see what happens and also realize how much difference this opposition causes in the game.

White to move.

Here what black needs to make sure he has oppostion when white king comes forward and especially in the last rank when it is very crucial. As a result white cant do much, and if white pushes pawn, game will be stalemated.

Now same postion but this time its turn of black to play.

Here white can easily go forward with king as he has the opposition and also can push the pawn from behind. Black cant  do much other than hoping that white makes a mistake and gives back the opposition.

Example 2:

In this position, the two kings are face to face in opposition. But white has a decisive advantage not only because his king is further up the board but also because he has more waiting pawn moves in reserve to gain the opposition.
In this move b3 is very critical, at that time if white plays b4 instead of b3 then after black captures that pawn, white wont get the opposition. So white plays a waiting move to make sure that he gets opposition and forces black pawn to exchange on b4 at the right moment.

Example 3:

This is a great example, one from game of Smyslov way back in 1987. Smyslov is playing white and is a pawn down but with opposition advantage he manages  to hold onto a draw.

After Ka4, white is threatening to wins both pawns after Kb5, so only way to prevent that is Bd7+.

Another important move played by white is g4, that rules out 2 important moves for black f5 and h5. thereby forcing it to lose opposition later when it will run out of moves.

The move a3 from white is also crucial as that allows white to keep opposition.

Hope these examples showed you various ways of converting the opposition advantage.

• 13 months ago

thanks ronboy.. Unfortunately due to lack of time, these days I am not able to come with new articles

• 18 months ago

nice one ulbras

• 19 months ago

i have here one more example with aforced draw, with one pawn less, from my last Tournament game:

• 23 months ago

dash thank you!!

• 24 months ago

Prani nice one man! :)

• 2 years ago

nice lesson on end game. thnaks abhijit

• 2 years ago

you are welcome  brigy

• 2 years ago

thanks you for the lessons every one is helping me so much starting to study more. wow thanks kaspy and every one for being a friend and helping me play chess better then ever your friend brigg

• 2 years ago

yes it is important very tricky to play these sort of endgames

• 2 years ago

The two first are and illustrative example (and useful, it is not an uncommon endgame), to explain a novelty what zugzag is. I remember my first lessons being a child :)

when you advance in pawn endgames you can see  this principle is important; pawn engames can become very tricky, where moving is a disadvantaje, or move to the most powerfull square is bad because, if the other king can make an opposition the count of when are all the pawns (if they are not passed pawn, and advantaje here leads to a win normaly, even with less material) going to be blocked starts, and the player who has to move next time may loose the game.

hope it helps too, good job kaspy!

• 3 years ago

thanks guys, all welcome!

• 3 years ago

Thanks Kaspy, it must important to see a demo... No problem for me, but all the time, interessant to see your work. Regards

• 3 years ago

Good article, helped me - thank you :)

• 3 years ago

thanks carly

• 3 years ago

Excellent ! Thanks again Kaspy for all of your hard work and dedication.

• 3 years ago

doctice, hope this helps!

• 3 years ago

Thanks Kaspy, as my weakness exists more in this area :)

• 3 years ago

Thanks, Abhijith! Learnt something important today!

• 3 years ago

If you can get the king two squares in front of your pawn that is headed toward promotion in a king and pawn vs king endgame, you have it made.

• 3 years ago

Thanks!