Upgrade to Chess.com Premium!

Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense

Flip board


  • 5 days ago


  • 5 months ago


    @Jasonis- Because the response to Ne4 isn't Re1 immediately.
    5. ... Nxe4, 6. Bxc3, and the usual response is 6. ... dxc6 to avoid having a weak a-pawn. Now 7. Re1 (if followed by f5 then 8. Nxe5 taking the pawn back. Please note that once Bxc3, black cannot defend both his Knight and his e5 pawn, and if he chooses to defend his Knight, it will get pinned to the king) 

  • 7 months ago


    After Ne4 and Re1 why not pawn to d5?

  • 7 months ago



  • 7 months ago


    thank you......

  • 9 months ago


    If black captures pawn, white simply Re1!

  • 10 months ago


    I understand -- thanks for playing it out.

  • 10 months ago


    if black captures the pawn after white castles white will simply exchane his bishop and blacks knight and then he will play Re1 ,the knight will retreat.white wil be able 2 recapture and black will end up having doubled pawns and an open king

  • 10 months ago


    if black captures the pawn after white castles white will simply exchane his bishop and blacks knight and then he will play Re1 ,the knight will retreat.white wil be able 2 recapture and black will end up having doubled pawns and an open king. reply 2 MBorax

  • 10 months ago


    notice how no one answered the op's question?

  • 10 months ago


    Can someone explain why, after white castles, the black knight can't simply take the e4 pawn and be up on material?

  • 10 months ago



    and so black gains by this line opposed to the d-pawn push line

  • 13 months ago


    i didnt understand why black plays 3....a6 . could someone pls explain. even without that move black can go ahead with d5 right?

  • 14 months ago


    I know that following Ba4 the general move is Nf6, but while b5 forces Bb3, which exploits the long a2-g8 diagonal, I could find no immediate threat that makes this line unplayable for black.  Is there something I'm missing, as the Game Explorer came up with exactly 0 master games where b5 was played in this opening?

  • 21 months ago


    Where it is presented the Ruy Lopez:Exchange variation???

  • 23 months ago


    I've played this opening and the next one on the list, the italian opening, over and over again, w/o knowing their names! I'm as familiar with them as someone of my limited skills can be. Nice to know I've a head start on memorizing openings.

    I don't like the ruy lupez opening. I know in the discussion they say b5 isn't gonna happen, but it always does. ALWAYS. Then the pawns block the center and I'm essentially a bishop down. (it's still there, but trapped and passive. I played this in live chess a couple days ago and won, but my bishop was actually on a2 most of the game. I would have lost easily had my partner (a) not been a less experienced player than I and made use of his advantage and (b) not completely forgot about the bishop, and, after material was reduced allowed it to swoop in for the winner. But that win was a function of facing lesser skill, not of a superior opening. Maybe I'll save this opening for later, when I'm playing people who are too advanced to be able to pin it to the sides.

  • 2 years ago


    Thank you Blaow, that was very helpful.

    As I said, i'm just starting to get into the more analytical side of the game (i.e. devoting time to reading about chess techniques and startegies). I found that I can fight my way out of many situations in the end game, but I need to get better with openings.

    Any advice on openings (or anything else for that matter) will be welcomed. I'm working my way through the chess.com Study Plans and I'm finding very helpful as well.

    Again, thank you! :-)  

  • 2 years ago


    Hi Motton,

    Yes, it is an often said principle to avoid moving the same piece more than once.  But it is important to know WHY this is a principle... how else will you know when to break it like you ask?  This principle exists because you want to develop your pieces at least as fast as (if not faster) than your opponent, because he who has more and better developed pieces can take the initiative.

    In the Ruy Lopez, you are correct that with a6 your opponent will force you to move your bishop more than once in the opening. However, your opponent IS NOT developing more pieces than you! You'll notice at the end of this variation White is still ahead in development, with two minors and a castled king.

    In the variation you are mentioning, Bc4 (Italian Game) Black's next move will typically be Nf6 or Bc5, so in that game you are also evenly developed.  The differences will appear in the placement of white's bishop and the pawn skeleton that black has commited himself to with the ruy lopez. Both are great openings, but lead to very different games.

    I hope this helps answer your question.

  • 2 years ago


    Question about the principles of openings... 

    I have read somewhere that during the opening phase of the game, you should do your best to not move the same piece twice before the tenth move or so, yet 3. Bb5 puts the white bishop in a position that pretty much garantees that he will have to move it again soon even if Black doesn't immediately move 3. ...- a6.

    I also remember reading that you shouldn't stick to principle at any cost and should allow for flexibility. I'm kind of lost.

    Wouln't it be more productive to move 3.Bc4-... where the bishop would not be attacked so soon?

    Sorry if this move is covered in a variant, I'm just starting to get into the more technical and/or theoretical aspects of chess. 

  • 2 years ago


    Well in the diagram its black to move, unless instead of 0-0, BxNc6 then dxc6.

Back to Top

Post your reply: