CHESS RULES

123Pecky
123Pecky
Apr 25, 2014, 11:01 AM |
1
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black rook
b8 black knight
c8 black bishop
d8 black queen
e8 black king
f8 black bishop
g8 black knight
h8 black rook
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
c7 black pawn
d7 black pawn
e7 black pawn
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
c2 white pawn
d2 white pawn
e2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
b1 white knight
c1 white bishop
d1 white queen
e1 white king
f1 white bishop
g1 white knight
h1 white rook
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Initial position, first row: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, and rook; second row: pawns
Setup at the start of a game

The official rules of chess are maintained by the World Chess Federation. Along with information on official chess tournaments, the rules are described in the FIDE Handbook, Laws of Chess section.[1]

Setup

Chess is played on a square board of eight rows (called ranks and denoted with numbers 1 to 8) and eight columns (called files and denoted with letters a to h) of squares. The colors of the 64 squares alternate and are referred to as "light" and "dark" squares. The chessboard is placed with a light square at the right-hand end of the rank nearest to each player, and the pieces are set out as shown in the diagram and photo, with each queen on a square of its own color.

The pieces are divided, by convention, into white and black sets. The players are referred to as "White" and "Black", and each begins the game with 16 pieces of the specified color. These consist of one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns.

White always moves first. After the first move, players alternately move one piece per turn (except for castling, when two pieces are moved). Pieces are moved to either an unoccupied square or one occupied by an opponent's piece, which is captured and removed from play. With the sole exception of en passant, all pieces capture opponent's pieces by moving to the square that the opponent's piece occupies. A player may not make any move that would put or leave his or her king under attack. If the player to move has no legal moves, the game is over; it is either a checkmate (a loss for the player with no legal moves) if the king is under attack, or a stalemate (a draw) if the king is not.

Each chess piece has its own style of moving. In the diagrams, the dots mark the squares where the piece can move if no other pieces (including one's own piece) are on the squares between the piece's initial position and its destination.

Moves of a king
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
e6 black circle
f6 black circle
g6 black circle
e5 black circle
f5 white king
g5 black circle
e4 black circle
f4 black circle
g4 black circle
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Moves of a rook
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
d8 black circle
d7 black circle
d6 black circle
a5 black circle
b5 black circle
c5 black circle
d5 white rook
e5 black circle
f5 black circle
g5 black circle
h5 black circle
d4 black circle
d3 black circle
d2 black circle
d1 black circle
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Moves of a bishop
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
a8 black circle
g8 black circle
b7 black circle
f7 black circle
c6 black circle
e6 black circle
d5 white bishop
c4 black circle
e4 black circle
b3 black circle
f3 black circle
a2 black circle
g2 black circle
h1 black circle
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Moves of a queen
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
d8 black circle
h8 black circle
a7 black circle
d7 black circle
g7 black circle
b6 black circle
d6 black circle
f6 black circle
c5 black circle
d5 black circle
e5 black circle
a4 black circle
b4 black circle
c4 black circle
d4 white queen
e4 black circle
f4 black circle
g4 black circle
h4 black circle
c3 black circle
d3 black circle
e3 black circle
b2 black circle
d2 black circle
f2 black circle
a1 black circle
d1 black circle
g1 black circle
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Moves of a knight
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
c6 black circle
e6 black circle
b5 black circle
f5 black circle
d4 white knight
b3 black circle
f3 black circle
c2 black circle
e2 black circle
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
  a b c d e f g h  
Moves of a pawn
  a b c d e f g h  
8
Chessboard480.svg
d8 black cross
e8 black circle
f8 black cross
e7 white pawn
a5 black cross
b5 black circle
c5 black cross
b4 white pawn
f4 black circle
e3 black cross
f3 black circle
g3 black cross
f2 white pawn
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1