Fischer A Rising Champion
Mar 16, 2008, 12:20 PM 1
Robert Fischer was born in Chicago, Illinois on March 9, 1943. As a youth he began to take interest in chess and as a result he practiced a lot with grand master John W. Collins. He dropped out of school at the age of sixteen and later triumphed by going into tournaments winning the U.S. Junior Chess Championship. From there he went into the U.S. open, the Canadian open, and the Rosenwald Trophy Tournament. He set a record for the youngest U.S. National Master. He gained entry into the invitational U.S. Chess Championship in New York. He won with a score of 10.5/13!!! He is the youngest player to achieve these increadible feats. With the win from the U.S. invitational he went further by going to the Portoroz Interzonal which he finished with a score of 12/20. He qualified for the Candidates Tournament, he was the top non-Soviet player, but Tal won the Candidates Tournament winning all four of the Individual games. For Fischer he kept trying to beat his rivals Spassky and Tal. He eventually beat Tal in one of the Candidates Tournaments undefeated. He won against Spassky in the World Championship in 1972. During the beginning he lost but after some demands were met including where the game should be played, the prize money, the playing conditions, and finally the cameras were annoying him. He would've resigned all the games but Boris Spassky not wanting to win by default met the demands. Surprisingly with all the demands met Fischer scored 7(w) 11(d) and 2(l)!!! He was announced the 11th World Chess Champion. The victory broke the Soviet Union's quarter of a century reign of world chess champions. He would not defend his title in 1975 against Garry Kasporav because Fischer's demands were not met so by default Garry Kasporav by default was the World Chess Champion. Fischer died in Iceland in January 17, 2008.