Kings Gambit

Kings Gambit

Apr 2, 2011, 11:33 PM |

“I don't believe in psychology. I believe in good moves”
                                   (Bobby Fischer)


Steinitz’s Four Rules of Strategy


1. The right to attack belongs to the side that has a positional advantage, and that side not only has the right to attack but also the obligation to do so, or else his advantage may evaporate. The attack should be concentrated on the weakest square in the opponent’s position.


2. If in an inferior position, the defender should be ready to defend and make compromises, or take other measures, such as a desperate counterattack.


3. In an equal position, the opponents should manoeuvre, trying to achieve a position in which they have an advantage. If both sides play correctly, an equal position will remain equal.


4. The advantage may be a big, indivisible one (for example, a rook on the seventh rank), or it may be a whole series of small advantages. The goal of the stronger side is to store up the advantages, and to convert temporary advantages into permanent ones.

I whould like to teach you one opening each week , this week I will start with open game's and the veriation is called the Kings Gambit.


King's Gambit (after 1.e4 e5 2.f4)


White starts by playing 1.e4 (moving his King's pawn two spaces). This is the most popular opening move and it has many strengths — it immediately works on controlling the center, and it frees two pieces (the queen and a bishop). The oldest openings in chess follow 1.e4. Bobby Fischer rated 1.e4 as "best by test". On the downside, 1.e4 places a pawn on an undefended square and weakens d4 and f4; the Hungarian master Gyula Breyer melodramatically declared that "After 1.e4 White's game is in its last throes". If Black mirrors White's move and replies with 1...e5, the result is an open game.


The most popular second move for White is 2.Nf3 attacking Black's king pawn, preparing for a kingside castle, and anticipating the advance of the queen pawn to d4. Black's most common reply is 2...Nc6, which usually leads to the Ruy Lopez (3.Bb5), Scotch Game (3.d4), or Italian Game (3.Bc4). If Black instead maintains symmetry and counterattacks White's center with 2...Nf6 then the Petroff Defense results. The Philidor Defense (2...d6) is not popular in modern chess because it allows White an easy space advantage while Black's position remains cramped and passive, although solid. Other responses to 2.Nf3 are not seen in master play.


The most popular alternatives to 2.Nf3 are the Vienna Game (2.Nc3), the Bishop's Opening (2.Bc4), and the King's Gambit (2.f4). These openings have some similarities with each other, in particular the Bishop's Opening frequently transposes to variations of the Vienna Game. The King's Gambit was extremely popular in the 19th century. White sacrifices a pawn for quick development and to pull a black pawn out of the center. The Vienna Game also frequently features attacks on the Black center by means of a f2-f4 pawn advance.


In the Center Game (2.d4) White immediately opens the center but if the pawn is to be recovered after 2...exd4, White must contend with a slightly premature queen development after 3.Qxd4. An alternative is to sacrifice one or two pawns, for example in the Danish Gambit.

Here is an example of the King's Gambit being played by me :


(Francois van der Walt - Erik Holm) (Op die Berg 2009)


after (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 c6 4.d4 Nf6 5.e5 d5 6.Bd3 Bg4 7.Be2 Ne4 8.Bxf4 Bf5 9.Nd2 Qb6 10.Nxe4 Bxe4 11.Bf3 Bg6 12.Ne2)




I know it seems like I left b2 unprotected , but as u will see in the next image, it was a calculated sacrifice (pawn for open file "Mobility")  


after (12....Qxb2 13.Rb1 Qxa2 14.Rxb7)